CLIMATE CHANGE & SPIRITS
Today, beer is enjoyed by literally billions around the globe; but, in many ways, it is because of the Little Ice Age, which began around the year 1300.
Prior to this time, wine-making in
Europe thrived, because grapes grew in abundance, even in southern England.
Then, with the arrival of the colder climate, the vineyards failed, and wine production fell. The hearty Europeans weren’t about to give up alcohol, however. Turning to grains, which were plentiful and could endure bitter cold, they brewed beer and distilled hard alcohol.
The fermentation process that had been perfected for wine production was used for the brewing of beer and spirits such as whiskey. Instead of German wines, there was now German beer—something that came to the New World with the early immigrants. Likewise, instead of British wines, there was now Irish and Scotch whisky. (Cheers to that!)