Tonalism is a painting movement or artistic style popular from about 1880 to 1915, preceding Impressionism. Artists painted landscapes with a colored atmosphere or feeling of mist, emphasizing shadows and using dark, neutral hues including soft greys, browns, and blues. (By the late 1890s, critics were describing the paintings as “tonal.”) The emphasis is on tranquility and the spiritual qualities of the setting. Paintings were begun on location—taken directly from nature—but then finished in a studio indoors. George Inness and James McNeill Whistler were leading painters of this school.