Trump pre­pares de­por­ta­tion plans

His ad­vis­ers look to work­place raids to meet his goal

Baltimore Sun - - TRUMP TRANSITION - By Brian Ben­nett

WASH­ING­TON — Pres­i­dent-elect Don­ald Trump’s ad­vis­ers are draft­ing plans to re­sume work­place raids and to ramp up pres­sure on lo­cal po­lice and jails around the coun­try to iden­tify im­mi­grants in the coun­try with­out le­gal doc­u­men­ta­tion in an ef­fort to meet Trump’s goal to de­port 2 mil­lion to 3 mil­lion mi­grants he says are crim­i­nals.

That could put the in­com­ing Trump ad­min­is­tra­tion in di­rect con­flict with the laws of sev­eral cities and states, setting the stage for an al­most cer­tain le­gal and po­lit­i­cal bat­tle.

Pres­i­dent Barack Obama’s ad­min­is­tra­tion set a pri­or­ity in his sec­ond term of de­port­ing mi­grants with crim­i­nal con­vic­tions, and it has ex­pelled 530,000 con­victed crim­i­nals since 2013. Since tak­ing of­fice in 2009, Obama has ex­pelled 2.5 mil­lion peo­ple, more than any other pres­i­dent.

But Trump’s im­mi­gra­tion ad­vis­ers will seek to Pres­i­dent-elect Trump says he plans to de­port up to 3 mil­lion im­mi­grants. widen that net to in­clude mi­grants who have been charged but not con­victed, sus­pected gang mem­bers and drug deal­ers, and peo­ple charged with im­mi­gra­tion vi­o­la­tions and low­er­level mis­de­meanors.

In re­cent years, po­lice chiefs in nu­mer­ous ju­ris­dic­tions have re­jected lo­cal en­force­ment of im­mi­gra­tion laws, say­ing it makes im­mi­grants less likely to re­port crimes or to help po­lice con­duct in­ves­ti­ga­tions.

A Trump ad­min­is­tra­tion could try to with­hold fed­eral law en­force­ment funds and equip­ment that go to state and lo­cal po­lice agen- cies. Dur­ing the cam­paign, Trump said he also would with­hold fed­eral funds to pun­ish so-called sanc­tu­ary cities for their le­nient poli­cies to­ward il­le­gal im­mi­gra­tion.

At a news con­fer­ence Mon­day, Obama said he will en­cour­age Trump to keep a pro­gram that has given tem­po­rary work per­mits and le­gal sta­tus to more than 740,000 i mmi­grants brought to the coun­try il­le­gally as chil­dren.

Trump, the tar­get of na­tion­wide protests since last week’s elec­tion, said re­peat­edly dur­ing the cam­paign he would shut down the De­ferred Ac­tion for Child­hood Ar­rivals pro­gram, but he did not say if he would seek to de­port those pro­tected un­der the pro­gram.

Early in his pres­i­den­tial cam­paign, Trump said he in­tended to de­port all of the es­ti­mated 11 mil­lion im­mi­grants in the coun­try il­le­gally.

But he later amended that, and on Sun­day, he pro­vided a broad out­line of Last week’s elec­tion of Don­ald Trump has been met with protests through­out the U.S., in­clud­ing one on Mon­day in­volv­ing stu­dents from Los An­ge­les-area high schools. his plan.

He told “60 Min­utes” that his ad­min­is­tra­tion will “get the peo­ple that are crim­i­nal and have crim­i­nal records, gang mem­bers, drug deal­ers, we have a lot of these peo­ple, prob­a­bly 2 mil­lion, it could be even 3 mil­lion. We are get­ting them out of the coun­try or we are go­ing to in­car­cer­ate.”

To boost the tal­lies, his ad­vis­ers say, Trump will likely re­in­state work­place raids to find those in the coun­try il­le­gally, to push mi­grants out of jobs and to send a sig­nal across the bor­ders to try to dis­suade oth­ers from en­ter­ing the coun­try with­out doc­u­men­ta­tion or over­stay­ing their visas.

Hard-line im­mi­gra­tion ad­vis­ers on Trump’s tran­si­tion team also are draft­ing plans to dra­mat­i­cally in­crease pros­e­cu­tions of il­le­gal en­try, an im­mi­gra­tion vi­o­la­tion that doesn’t al­ways lead to de­por­ta­tion un­der cur­rent pol­icy.

They plan to ex­pand the use of a de­por­ta­tion process that by­passes im­mi­gra­tion courts and al­lows im­mi­gra­tion of­fi­cers to ex­pel for­eign­ers im­me­di­ately upon be­ing cap­tured.

The process, called “ex­pe­dited re­moval,” now ap­plies only to un­doc­u­mented im­mi­grants ar­rested within 100 miles of the border and within two weeks of il­le­gally en­ter­ing the coun­try who don’t ex­press a cred­i­ble fear of per­se­cu­tion if they are re­turned home.

Trump’s im­mi­gra­tion pol­icy ad­vis­ers also want to ex­pand a pro­gram that gives some po­lice of­fi­cers im­mi­gra­tion author­ity and trains jail­ers to iden­tify po­ten­tially de­portable in­mates.

Im­mi­gra­tion of­fi­cials say they have enough of­fi­cers and de­ten­tion beds to de­port about 400,000 peo­ple a year — the record set in 2012 at the end of Obama’s first term.

That could still re­quire five years to reach 2 mil­lion de­por­ta­tions un­less Congress pro­vides money to hire thou­sands more de­por­ta­tion of­fi­cers, hun­dreds more im­mi­gra­tion judges and vastly more de­ten­tion fa­cil­i­ties.

DAVID MC­NEW/GETTY

OLIVIER DOULIERY/TNS

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