Trump prepares deportation plans
His advisers look to workplace raids to meet his goal
WASHINGTON — President-elect Donald Trump’s advisers are drafting plans to resume workplace raids and to ramp up pressure on local police and jails around the country to identify immigrants in the country without legal documentation in an effort to meet Trump’s goal to deport 2 million to 3 million migrants he says are criminals.
That could put the incoming Trump administration in direct conflict with the laws of several cities and states, setting the stage for an almost certain legal and political battle.
President Barack Obama’s administration set a priority in his second term of deporting migrants with criminal convictions, and it has expelled 530,000 convicted criminals since 2013. Since taking office in 2009, Obama has expelled 2.5 million people, more than any other president.
But Trump’s immigration advisers will seek to President-elect Trump says he plans to deport up to 3 million immigrants. widen that net to include migrants who have been charged but not convicted, suspected gang members and drug dealers, and people charged with immigration violations and lowerlevel misdemeanors.
In recent years, police chiefs in numerous jurisdictions have rejected local enforcement of immigration laws, saying it makes immigrants less likely to report crimes or to help police conduct investigations.
A Trump administration could try to withhold federal law enforcement funds and equipment that go to state and local police agen- cies. During the campaign, Trump said he also would withhold federal funds to punish so-called sanctuary cities for their lenient policies toward illegal immigration.
At a news conference Monday, Obama said he will encourage Trump to keep a program that has given temporary work permits and legal status to more than 740,000 i mmigrants brought to the country illegally as children.
Trump, the target of nationwide protests since last week’s election, said repeatedly during the campaign he would shut down the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program, but he did not say if he would seek to deport those protected under the program.
Early in his presidential campaign, Trump said he intended to deport all of the estimated 11 million immigrants in the country illegally.
But he later amended that, and on Sunday, he provided a broad outline of Last week’s election of Donald Trump has been met with protests throughout the U.S., including one on Monday involving students from Los Angeles-area high schools. his plan.
He told “60 Minutes” that his administration will “get the people that are criminal and have criminal records, gang members, drug dealers, we have a lot of these people, probably 2 million, it could be even 3 million. We are getting them out of the country or we are going to incarcerate.”
To boost the tallies, his advisers say, Trump will likely reinstate workplace raids to find those in the country illegally, to push migrants out of jobs and to send a signal across the borders to try to dissuade others from entering the country without documentation or overstaying their visas.
Hard-line immigration advisers on Trump’s transition team also are drafting plans to dramatically increase prosecutions of illegal entry, an immigration violation that doesn’t always lead to deportation under current policy.
They plan to expand the use of a deportation process that bypasses immigration courts and allows immigration officers to expel foreigners immediately upon being captured.
The process, called “expedited removal,” now applies only to undocumented immigrants arrested within 100 miles of the border and within two weeks of illegally entering the country who don’t express a credible fear of persecution if they are returned home.
Trump’s immigration policy advisers also want to expand a program that gives some police officers immigration authority and trains jailers to identify potentially deportable inmates.
Immigration officials say they have enough officers and detention beds to deport about 400,000 people a year — the record set in 2012 at the end of Obama’s first term.
That could still require five years to reach 2 million deportations unless Congress provides money to hire thousands more deportation officers, hundreds more immigration judges and vastly more detention facilities.