Organic farming protects the land ( and us, when we eat organic food) by shunning toxic herbicides, pesticides, and chemical fertilizers. It may improve the quality of soil to diff erent degrees, depending upon the farm, but the basic approach is to do no harm. Soil quality is not among the criteria for organic certifi cation. Regenerative agriculture goes a step further, aiming to literally regenerate the life, fertility, and resilience of the land, and it’s become a hot topic.
The most recent survey of American organic farmers by the nonprofi t Organic Farming Research Foundation found that soil health was their chief priority in every region of the country. To meet these needs, the organization funds studies to identify the best methods to enhance soil and provides educational guides to help farmers improve crop yields and make their land more resilient in the face of climate shifts.