HOW IS CAN­CER TREATED AND WHY ARE DIF­FER­ENT TYPES TREATED DIF­FER­ENTLY?

C.A.R.E. - - Cancer -

Dif­fer­ent types of can­cer can be­have very dif­fer­ently, so there are dif­fer­ent types of treat­ment for each spe­cific kind. The can­cer care team will dis­cuss the treat­ment for each per­son.

FAC­TORS THAT IN­FLU­ENCE TYPE OF TREAT­MENT ARE:

• Type of can­cer

• Stage (amount) of the can­cer

• Per­son’s over­all health

• Likely side ef­fects of the treat­ment

• The prob­a­bil­ity of cur­ing the can­cer, con­trol­ling it to

ex­tend life, or re­liev­ing symptoms.

Surgery, chemo­ther­apy, and ra­di­a­tion are the three main types of can­cer treat­ment. Any of th­ese, alone or in com­bi­na­tion, may be the best treat­ment.

Surgery Surgery is of­ten the first treat­ment used if the can­cer can be re­moved from the body. Some­times only part of the can­cer can be re­moved. Ra­di­a­tion or chemo­ther­apy might be used to shrink the can­cer be­fore or af­ter surgery.

Chemo­ther­apy Doc­tors use chemo­ther­apy or “chemo” drugs to kill can­cer cells. Usu­ally, the drugs are given in­tra­venously (IV or into a vein) or taken by mouth. Chemo drugs travel through­out the body in the blood­stream. They can reach can­cer cells that may have spread away from the tu­mor.

Ra­di­a­tion ther­apy Ra­di­a­tion ther­apy is treat­ment with high-en­ergy rays (such as x-rays) to kill or shrink can­cer cells. The ra­di­a­tion may come from out­side the body, called ex­ter­nal ra­di­a­tion, or from ra­dioac­tive ma­te­ri­als placed right into the tu­mor (in­ter­nal or im­plant ra­di­a­tion). Get­ting ex­ter­nal ra­di­a­tion is a lot like get­ting an x-ray. It’s doesn’t hurt, but it can cause side ef­fects.

Other kinds of can­cer treat­ment you might hear about in­clude tar­geted ther­apy, stem cell or bone mar­row trans­plant, and im­munother­apy. Hor­mone ther­apy is an­other type of treat­ment that’s some­times used to treat cer­tain kinds of prostate and breast can­cers.

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