Roses for All

Catron Courier - - News - By Wilma Stan­ton, Mas­ter Gar­dener

Roses are the best flow­ers you can have, as most peo­ple love them. They are long­bloom­ing, usu­ally from May to Oc­to­ber, and it is easy to pro­vide the care they need. Sim­ply put, they need sev­eral hours of sun per day, con­sis­tent wa­ter­ing, a min­i­mal amount of fer­til­izer, along with spring prun­ing. Also, re­move the dead blooms on a reg­u­lar ba­sis.

Roses come in all sizes and col­ors, pro­vid­ing just what you need in your land­scap­ing plans. Sizes range from tiny minia­ture roses to huge hy­brid tea roses. Since so many col­ors are avail­able, it makes it easy to choose the per­fect color you need.

New roses be­come avail­able each year; how­ever, these roses are usu­ally quite ex­pen­sive, as they are patent- ed roses. The patent lasts 17 years, which means no one can copy them. Out-of-patent roses cost much less. Most of us can't wait that long and will pur­chase one or two much ear­lier.

Peo­ple love the fra­grance of roses and you will find that fra­grance can vary. An in­ter­est­ing thing I have found is that if the la­bel on a rose says it has a heavy fra­grance, in our dry cli­mate that will mean it will be light, not heavy.

When you get ready to pur­chase roses, re­mem­ber they are pack­aged in dif­fer­ent ways: 1) Bare root pack­ag­ing 2) Pack­aged in a box, or con­tainer in a grow­ing mix 3) Bare root in a plas­tic bag to which mois­ture has been added

Be sure to get the in­struc- tions that go with the rose you are pur­chas­ing and fol­low the di­rec­tions given. Also, the sooner you plant the roses, the bet­ter chance you will have of be­ing suc­cess­ful.

Here are some types of roses to con­sider as you make plans to add roses to your spe­cial­ized ar­eas.

HY­BRID TEA ROSES—They were first in­tro­duced in France in 1867. They will have one large bloom on each stem and will grow from two to five feet high.

FLORIBUNDAS—They were named in 1940. Blooms come in clus­ters and are great as land­scape roses. They grow from two to four feet in height. They are avail­able in sev­eral col­ors and are pop­u­lar as cut flow­ers.

GRANDIFLORAS—They were in­tro­duced in 1954 and can be six to seven feet tall. They can be sin­gle flow­ers or in clus­ters.

POLYANTHAS—They are usu­ally only a cou­ple of feet tall and grow in large clus­ters. They are great along bor­ders, walk­ways, or drive­ways.

CLIMBERS—They are roses with ex­tra-long canes. They grow well on a trel­lis. With­out sup­port, the wind will knock them down. They need lit­tle care, ex­cept for re­mov­ing the dead canes.

MINIATURES—They can range from short ground hug­gers to large climbers. Miniatures are not house­plants. They have the same re­quire­ments as reg­u­lar roses, in­clud­ing lots of sun and wa­ter.

TREE ROSES—They are dou­ble-grafted plants. The trunk is grafted to the root stock and the flow­er­ing part to the top of the trunk, They need to be staked.

OLD-FASH­IONED ROSES— Plants are large and grow well on a trel­lis. They usu­ally bloom only once dur­ing the summer, but the blooms are very fra­grant.

There are many places to learn more about roses, the world's fa­vorite flower. Books, com­put­ers, var­i­ous rose or­ga­ni­za­tions, nurs­eries, gar­den cen­ters, nurs­eries. and even art galleries. I find it fas­ci­nat­ing to look at paint­ings from pre­vi­ous cen­turies and see how the rose is of­ten the flower that is used.

Start plant­ing roses this year. It will be the begin­ning of some won­der­ful new ex­pe­ri­ences for you. Hope­fully, you will be able to say, "I smell a rose" and re­ally mean it.

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