Roses for All
Roses are the best flowers you can have, as most people love them. They are longblooming, usually from May to October, and it is easy to provide the care they need. Simply put, they need several hours of sun per day, consistent watering, a minimal amount of fertilizer, along with spring pruning. Also, remove the dead blooms on a regular basis.
Roses come in all sizes and colors, providing just what you need in your landscaping plans. Sizes range from tiny miniature roses to huge hybrid tea roses. Since so many colors are available, it makes it easy to choose the perfect color you need.
New roses become available each year; however, these roses are usually quite expensive, as they are patent- ed roses. The patent lasts 17 years, which means no one can copy them. Out-of-patent roses cost much less. Most of us can't wait that long and will purchase one or two much earlier.
People love the fragrance of roses and you will find that fragrance can vary. An interesting thing I have found is that if the label on a rose says it has a heavy fragrance, in our dry climate that will mean it will be light, not heavy.
When you get ready to purchase roses, remember they are packaged in different ways: 1) Bare root packaging 2) Packaged in a box, or container in a growing mix 3) Bare root in a plastic bag to which moisture has been added
Be sure to get the instruc- tions that go with the rose you are purchasing and follow the directions given. Also, the sooner you plant the roses, the better chance you will have of being successful.
Here are some types of roses to consider as you make plans to add roses to your specialized areas.
HYBRID TEA ROSES—They were first introduced in France in 1867. They will have one large bloom on each stem and will grow from two to five feet high.
FLORIBUNDAS—They were named in 1940. Blooms come in clusters and are great as landscape roses. They grow from two to four feet in height. They are available in several colors and are popular as cut flowers.
GRANDIFLORAS—They were introduced in 1954 and can be six to seven feet tall. They can be single flowers or in clusters.
POLYANTHAS—They are usually only a couple of feet tall and grow in large clusters. They are great along borders, walkways, or driveways.
CLIMBERS—They are roses with extra-long canes. They grow well on a trellis. Without support, the wind will knock them down. They need little care, except for removing the dead canes.
MINIATURES—They can range from short ground huggers to large climbers. Miniatures are not houseplants. They have the same requirements as regular roses, including lots of sun and water.
TREE ROSES—They are double-grafted plants. The trunk is grafted to the root stock and the flowering part to the top of the trunk, They need to be staked.
OLD-FASHIONED ROSES— Plants are large and grow well on a trellis. They usually bloom only once during the summer, but the blooms are very fragrant.
There are many places to learn more about roses, the world's favorite flower. Books, computers, various rose organizations, nurseries, garden centers, nurseries. and even art galleries. I find it fascinating to look at paintings from previous centuries and see how the rose is often the flower that is used.
Start planting roses this year. It will be the beginning of some wonderful new experiences for you. Hopefully, you will be able to say, "I smell a rose" and really mean it.