Gar­den time

Fol­low this sched­ule for best plant­ing prac­tices


Greet­ings all, I re­ceived a re­quest from Master Gar­dener Vicki Di­a­monte, ask­ing if I could write about time­lines for plant­ing flow­ers and veg­eta­bles. Ex­cel­lent re­quest, Vicki, thank you.

Most folks who fol­low my col­umn are al­ready ac­com­plished gar­den­ers who have been at it for many years, but there are many who are just start­ing out. For those of you who al­ready know what to plant, and when to plant it, a handy ref­er­ence guide is al­ways good to have on hand.

My in­for­ma­tion came di­rectly from the Univer­sity of Mary­land Ex­ten­sion web­site. In con­sid­er­a­tion for space, I am list­ing only the most pop­u­lar vegetable plants among many home gar­den­ers. For a com­plete list, head to http://www. ex­ten­

As­para­gus May 20 to April 15 (crowns)

Car­rots April 10 to June 1 and June 15 to Aug. 1 (seeds)

Chives March 20 to April 20


Cu­cum­bers May 10 to June 1 and June 15 to July 10 (seeds)

Egg­plant May 15 to June 10 (trans­plants)

Kale April 1 to April 20 and July 10 to Aug. 10 (seeds)

Let­tuce (leaf) March 15 to June 1 and July 15 to Sept.1 (seeds)

Onions March 15 to April 15 (sets/bulbs)

Peas March 15 to May 1 and July 25 to Aug. 5 (seeds)

Pep­pers May 15 to June 10 (trans­plants)

Pump­kins May 20 to June 10


Radishes March 20 to May 10 and July 20 to Sept. 15 (seeds)

Spinach March 10 to April 20 and Aug. 1 to Sept. 5 (seeds)

Squash (sum­mer) May 1 to May 30 and June 1 to June 15 (seeds)

Squash (win­ter) May 15 to June 15 (seeds)

Toma­toes May 1 to June 15 and June 15 to July 5 (trans­plants)

Hi Mr. Fischer, I have some type of weed in my lawn that grows very fast, and is more rigid than most of my lawn. I mow it down and within a cou­ple of days it is back. If you were to look at my lawn, about ev­ery 8 to 10 inches there is a clump of it ap­prox­i­mately 8 inches tall. I took a pic­ture with my phone, but can’t load it into my com­puter. With­out see­ing a pic­ture, can you take a guess at what it may be? Thank you, Carol, Fair Hill Hi Carol, There are so many weeds out there that a photo would have boiled it down, but I be­lieve I know what you are talk­ing about.

It is most likely onion grass (Al­lium canadense). Onion grass is an ag­gres­sively in­va­sive weed that thrives in acidic soil. The leaves are pro­duced by un­der­ground bulbs that are very dif­fi­cult to erad­i­cate, due in part to the waxy na­ture of the leaves.

You will most likely have to amend the pH of the soil. Adding lime and or­ganic mat­ter to the soil will help ac­com­plish this. Be­fore you add lime to your lawn, dig up as many of the bulbs as pos­si­ble. En­sure you dig down a hefty 6 inches, and lo­cate as many bulbs as pos­si­ble. Pes­ti­cides are an op­tion, but the waxy sur­face on the leaves hin­ders the ab­sorp­tion of them into the weeds. I hope this helps, Carol. The Ce­cil County Master Gar­den­ers and I thank you for help­ing cre­ate a healthy en­vi­ron­ment that will last for years to come. Happy gar­den­ing, Ken Fischer

Please sub­mit all your gar­den­ing ques­tions and avail­able pho­tos to kfis­cher­mas­ter­gar­dener@ya­


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