July 14, 1789 was a revolutionary day in France.
On this day, Parisian revolutionaries stormed and dismantled the Bastille, a royal fortress that had come to symbolize the tyranny of the country’s monarchs. This action marked the start of the French Revolution, a decade-long period of political turmoil and terror in which King Louis XVI was overthrown and tens of thousands of people, including the king and his wife Marie Antoinette, were executed.
A different kind of revolu- tion took place on July 16, 1969 when Apollo 11 departed Earth with astronauts Neil Armstrong, Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin and Michael Collins aboard. Armstrong would become the first man to walk on the moon a few days later.
July 13, 1930, meanwhile, marked a first in the world of sports as the first ever World Cup soccer matches kicked off in Montevideo, Uruguay. France defeated Mexico 4-1 and the U.S. defeated Belgium 3-0 in the two simultaneously played matches. The U.S. would make it to the semi-finals of the tournament before bowing out to Argentina by a score of 6-1.
Philanthropy took center stage on July 13, 1985 at Wembley Stadium in London with the official opening of Live Aid, a worldwide rock concert organized to raise money for the relief of famine-stricken Africans. The concert would go on to play at JFK Stadium in Philadelphia, among other places, and ultimately raise more than $125 million in famine relief for Africa.