Cecil Whig - - ACCENT -

Equal rights took a step for­ward on July 28, 1868.

On this day, the 14th Amend­ment, which guar­an­tees cit­i­zen­ship and all its priv­i­leges to African Amer­i­cans, was of­fi­cially adopted into the U. S. Con­sti­tu­tion. The amend­ment re­solved pre- Civil War ques­tions of African Amer­i­can cit­i­zen­ship by stat­ing that “all per­sons born or nat­u­ral­ized in the United States… are ci­ti­zens of the United States and of the state in which they re­side.” The amend­ment then reaf­firmed the priv­i­leges and rights of all ci­ti­zens, and granted all these ci­ti­zens the “equal pro­tec­tion of the laws.”

Amer­ica moved a lit­tle bit closer to the moon on July 29, 1958 with the pass­ing of leg­is­la­tion es­tab­lish­ing the National Aero­nau­tics and Space Ad­min­is­tra­tion (NASA), a civil­ian agency re­spon­si­ble for co­or­di­nat­ing Amer­ica’s ac­tiv­i­ties in space.

On July 31, 1975, James Rid­dle Hoffa, bet­ter known as Jimmy Hoffa, one of the most in­flu­en­tial Amer­i­can la­bor lead­ers of the 20th cen­tury, dis­ap­peared in Detroit, Mich., never to be heard from again. Though he is pop­u­larly be­lieved to have been the vic­tim of a Mafia hit, con­clu­sive ev­i­dence was never found and his death re­mains a mys­ter y to this day.

Thrill lovers re­joiced on Aug. 1, 1961. On this day, Six Flags Over Texas, the first park in the Six Flags chain, opened in Ar­ling­ton, Tex. The park was the first to fea­ture log flume and mine train rides and later, the first 360- de­gree loop­ing roller coaster, mod­ern para­chute drop and man- made river rapids ride.

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