Equal rights took a step forward on July 28, 1868.
On this day, the 14th Amendment, which guarantees citizenship and all its privileges to African Americans, was officially adopted into the U. S. Constitution. The amendment resolved pre- Civil War questions of African American citizenship by stating that “all persons born or naturalized in the United States… are citizens of the United States and of the state in which they reside.” The amendment then reaffirmed the privileges and rights of all citizens, and granted all these citizens the “equal protection of the laws.”
America moved a little bit closer to the moon on July 29, 1958 with the passing of legislation establishing the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), a civilian agency responsible for coordinating America’s activities in space.
On July 31, 1975, James Riddle Hoffa, better known as Jimmy Hoffa, one of the most influential American labor leaders of the 20th century, disappeared in Detroit, Mich., never to be heard from again. Though he is popularly believed to have been the victim of a Mafia hit, conclusive evidence was never found and his death remains a myster y to this day.
Thrill lovers rejoiced on Aug. 1, 1961. On this day, Six Flags Over Texas, the first park in the Six Flags chain, opened in Arlington, Tex. The park was the first to feature log flume and mine train rides and later, the first 360- degree looping roller coaster, modern parachute drop and man- made river rapids ride.