On this day, U.S. Navy Commander William R. Anderson and his 100-plus crew members became the first in history to reach and pass the North Pole while submerged.
Their mode of transportation, the U.S.S. Nautilus, was the first nuclear-pow- ered submarine the world had ever seen.
The East Coast found itself submerged in its own right on Aug. 9, 1976, when Hurricane Belle reached its peak intensity in the Atlantic Ocean.
The hurricane reached Category 3 and skirted the coast of Maryland before making landfall in New York on Aug. 10. It still managed to drop more than five inches of rain along some parts of this state, and caused millions of dollars in damages.
On Aug. 4, 1944, the Nazi Gestapo captured Anne Frank, the 15-year-old Jew- ish girl whose collected diary has sold tens of millions of copies since its release in 1947.
Several years earlier, Frank and her family had taken shelter in an Amsterdam warehouse, and they were discovered there with another Jewish family and a Jewish man. Nearly all of them died in Nazi concentration camps before the war’s end.
Equality in the United States took a step forward on Aug. 6, 1965, when President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Voting Rights Act, which guaranteed African Americans the right to vote. Up to this point, African Americans were often dealt unfair voting tests, such as reciting the Constitution or explaining complexities in state law provisions.
While this did not halt discrimination, it gave the country more legal ground to oppose it.