Cecil Whig - - ACCENT -

Five years ago to­day, Ap­ple co-founder Steve Jobs died of com­pli­ca­tions from pan­cre­atic can­cer. He was 56.

Jobs was no stranger to the Amer­i­can pub­lic at the time of his death, and his rep­u­ta­tion has not dimmed in re­cent years. It’s a tes­ta­ment to his nu­mer­ous tech­no­log­i­cal ac­com­plish­ments that not one, but two A-list biopics have been re­leased to cine­mas in the last few years.

He was born in Cal­i­for­nia in 1955 to un­mar­ried grad­u­ate stu­dents, one of them a Syr­ian im­mi­grant. They gave him up for adop­tion to Paul Jobs, a Sil­i­con Val­ley ma­chin­ist, and his wife Clara. Be­gin­ning with the 1976 found­ing of Ap­ple Com­puter with friend Stephen Woz­niak in his par­ents’ garage, Steve Jobs’s ca­reer spanned three-anda-half decades. He stepped down from Ap­ple in 2011, six weeks be­fore his death.

On Oct. 6, 1847, ”Jane Eyre,” one of the best-read English lan­guage novels of the last 200 hun­dred years, was pub­lished in Lon­don un­der the pseu­do­nym “Cur­rer Bell.” The ac­tual au­thor, Char­lotte Brontë, drew on her own ex­pe­ri­ences as an or­phan to tell the story of the epony­mous pro­tag­o­nist. The book be­came a com­mer­cial suc­cess, though ini­tial crit­i­cal re­cep­tion was less fa­vor­able.

Char­lotte Brontë was the el­dest of the Brontë sis­ters who are now re­mem­bered for their po­etry and novels. Emily, who died at 30 years old in 1848, wrote “Wuther­ing Heights,” a novel that’s now con­sid­ered a clas­sic and also widely read by stu­dents. Anne, who died at 29 in 1849, wrote “The Ten­ant of Wild­fell Hall.” Many con­sider it to be one of the first sus­tained fem­i­nist novels.

To­day, “Jane Eyre” is read by thou­sands of high school and col­lege stu­dents ev­ery year, and the legacy re­mains of the Brontë sis­ters as one of the most dom­i­nant (and tragic, for how young each died) writ­ing fam­i­lies in English lit­er­a­ture.

Sev­eral years af­ter their deaths, the Amer­i­can Civil War flamed up across the At­lantic Ocean. One of its bat­tles fea­tured the same name as a town in Ce­cil County, though of course it ref­er­enced one in Ken­tucky, not Maryland.

The Bat­tle of Per­ryville took place on Oct. 8, 1862, and wound up a strong win for the Union Army, as it stalled the Con­fed­er­ate in­va­sion of Ken­tucky. It was the largest Civil War bat­tle in that state — nearly 8,000 men were killed.

More than 100 years later, on Oct. 9, 1975, An­drei Dmitriye­vich Sakharov, a physi­cist who helped build the U.S.S.R.’s hy­dro­gen bomb, be­came the first Soviet to win the No­bel Peace Prize.

With Sakharov’s ex­per­tise, the Soviet Union det­o­nated its first hy­dro­gen bomb in 1955. Two years later, his con­cern about the haz­ards of nu­clear test­ing led him to pen an ar­ti­cle about the neg­a­tive ef­fects of low-level ra­di­a­tion, which The New York Times pub­lished in 1969, af­ter it was smug­gled out of Sakharov’s coun­try. Sub­se­quently, the Soviet gov­ern­ment fired him from the weapons pro­gram and did not let him travel to Norway to ac­cept the Peace Prize. He died in 1989.

Two days af­ter Sakharov was awarded the Peace Prize in 1975, William Clin­ton married Hil­lary Rod­ham.

They married in Lit­tle Rock, Arkansas, on Oct. 11, 1975 — three years af­ter meet­ing in law school at Yale Univer­sity. They set­tled there in Arkansas, where Bill im­mersed him­self in pol­i­tics and was elected gover­nor in 1978 at the ripe age of 32. In 1993, he was in­au­gu­rated as the 42nd Pres­i­dent of the United States.

Hil­lary Clin­ton is now the Demo­cratic can­di­date for pres­i­dent, and bar­ring any un­fore­seen de­vel­op­ments, we’ll know next month whether she or Repub­li­can nom­i­nee Don­ald Trump will be elected the coun­try’s 45th pres­i­dent.

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