Five years ago today, Apple co-founder Steve Jobs died of complications from pancreatic cancer. He was 56.
Jobs was no stranger to the American public at the time of his death, and his reputation has not dimmed in recent years. It’s a testament to his numerous technological accomplishments that not one, but two A-list biopics have been released to cinemas in the last few years.
He was born in California in 1955 to unmarried graduate students, one of them a Syrian immigrant. They gave him up for adoption to Paul Jobs, a Silicon Valley machinist, and his wife Clara. Beginning with the 1976 founding of Apple Computer with friend Stephen Wozniak in his parents’ garage, Steve Jobs’s career spanned three-anda-half decades. He stepped down from Apple in 2011, six weeks before his death.
On Oct. 6, 1847, ”Jane Eyre,” one of the best-read English language novels of the last 200 hundred years, was published in London under the pseudonym “Currer Bell.” The actual author, Charlotte Brontë, drew on her own experiences as an orphan to tell the story of the eponymous protagonist. The book became a commercial success, though initial critical reception was less favorable.
Charlotte Brontë was the eldest of the Brontë sisters who are now remembered for their poetry and novels. Emily, who died at 30 years old in 1848, wrote “Wuthering Heights,” a novel that’s now considered a classic and also widely read by students. Anne, who died at 29 in 1849, wrote “The Tenant of Wildfell Hall.” Many consider it to be one of the first sustained feminist novels.
Today, “Jane Eyre” is read by thousands of high school and college students every year, and the legacy remains of the Brontë sisters as one of the most dominant (and tragic, for how young each died) writing families in English literature.
Several years after their deaths, the American Civil War flamed up across the Atlantic Ocean. One of its battles featured the same name as a town in Cecil County, though of course it referenced one in Kentucky, not Maryland.
The Battle of Perryville took place on Oct. 8, 1862, and wound up a strong win for the Union Army, as it stalled the Confederate invasion of Kentucky. It was the largest Civil War battle in that state — nearly 8,000 men were killed.
More than 100 years later, on Oct. 9, 1975, Andrei Dmitriyevich Sakharov, a physicist who helped build the U.S.S.R.’s hydrogen bomb, became the first Soviet to win the Nobel Peace Prize.
With Sakharov’s expertise, the Soviet Union detonated its first hydrogen bomb in 1955. Two years later, his concern about the hazards of nuclear testing led him to pen an article about the negative effects of low-level radiation, which The New York Times published in 1969, after it was smuggled out of Sakharov’s country. Subsequently, the Soviet government fired him from the weapons program and did not let him travel to Norway to accept the Peace Prize. He died in 1989.
Two days after Sakharov was awarded the Peace Prize in 1975, William Clinton married Hillary Rodham.
They married in Little Rock, Arkansas, on Oct. 11, 1975 — three years after meeting in law school at Yale University. They settled there in Arkansas, where Bill immersed himself in politics and was elected governor in 1978 at the ripe age of 32. In 1993, he was inaugurated as the 42nd President of the United States.
Hillary Clinton is now the Democratic candidate for president, and barring any unforeseen developments, we’ll know next month whether she or Republican nominee Donald Trump will be elected the country’s 45th president.