I still recall the enthusiasm of a Bronx High School principal who phoned me more than 20 years ago. He had an amazing experience. He introduced chess into many of his classes. The result: improved grades, attendance and decorum. There were similar reports from other principals and teachers during the same time period. Significantly, the reports were usually from inner- city schools where chess offered a rare and immediate opportunity for dramatic improvement. Students at the bottom of their class were beating classmates otherwise academically out of reach. Students were beating teachers and girls were beating boys. It was a topsy- turvy world compared to the previous one. The notion began to prevail that “chess made kids smarter.” This was of course not literally true. But, the chess arena gave them a chance to display abilities not always easy to display in regular classrooms. There were plenty of smarts in those ghetto schools - unfortunately suppressed as they often are today.