ALSO ON THIS DATE
The U.S. Naval Academy was established in Annapolis, Maryland.
The George Gershwin opera “Porgy and Bess,” featuring an all-black cast, opened on Broadway, where it ran for 124 performances.
The Outer Space Treaty, prohibiting the placing of weapons of mass destruction on the moon or elsewhere in space, entered into force.
Actor-director Orson Welles died in Los Angeles at age 70; actor Yul Brynner died in New York at age 65.