TODAY IN HIS­TORY

Daily Freeman (Kingston, NY) - - NATION + WORLD -

1793

Dur­ing the French Revo­lu­tion, Marie An­toinette, the queen of France, was be­headed.

1845

Den­tist William T. Mor­ton demon­strated the ef­fec­tive­ness of ether as an anes­thetic by ad­min­is­ter­ing it to a pa­tient un­der­go­ing jaw surgery be­fore an au­di­ence of doc­tors in Bos­ton.

1916

Planned Par­ent­hood had its be­gin­nings as Mar­garet Sanger and her sis­ter, Ethel Byrne, opened the first birth con­trol clinic in Brook­lyn. (The clinic was raided nine days later by po­lice who ar­rested Sanger, Byrne and Rus­sian-born in­ter­preter Fa­nia Min­dell.)

1946

Ten Nazi war crim­i­nals con­demned dur­ing the Nurem­berg tri­als were hanged.

1968

Amer­i­can ath­letes Tom­mie Smith and John Car­los sparked con­tro­versy at the Mex­ico City Olympics by giv­ing “black power” salutes dur­ing a victory cer­e­mony af­ter they’d won gold and bronze medals in the 200-me­ter race.

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