TO­DAY IN HIS­TORY

Daily Freeman (Kingston, NY) - - NATION+WORLD -

1735

The sec­ond pres­i­dent of the United States, John Adams, was born in Brain­tree, Mas­sachusetts.

1766

St. Paul’s Chapel, Man­hat­tan’s old­est sur­viv­ing house of wor­ship, was con­se­crated in the Epis­co­pal Dio­cese of New York.

1864

He­lena, Mon­tana, was founded.

1938

The ra­dio play “The War of the Worlds,” star­ring Or­son Welles, aired as part of “The Mer­cury The­ater on the Air” on CBS. (The broad­cast, which em­ployed a se­ries of fake news re­ports about a Mar­tian in­va­sion, was said to have pan­icked some lis­ten­ers, al­though how many has never been defini­tively es­tab­lished.)

1945

The U.S. gov­ern­ment an­nounced the end of shoe ra­tioning, ef­fec­tive at mid­night.

1953

Gen. Ge­orge C. Mar­shall was awarded the No­bel Peace Prize. Dr. Al­bert Sch­weitzer re­ceived the Peace Prize for 1952.

1974

Muham­mad Ali knocked out Ge­orge Fore­man in the eighth round of a 15-round bout in Kin­shasa, Zaire, known as the “Rum­ble in the Jun­gle,” to re­gain his world heavy­weight ti­tle.

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