TODAY IN HISTORY
The second president of the United States, John Adams, was born in Braintree, Massachusetts.
St. Paul’s Chapel, Manhattan’s oldest surviving house of worship, was consecrated in the Episcopal Diocese of New York.
Helena, Montana, was founded.
The radio play “The War of the Worlds,” starring Orson Welles, aired as part of “The Mercury Theater on the Air” on CBS. (The broadcast, which employed a series of fake news reports about a Martian invasion, was said to have panicked some listeners, although how many has never been definitively established.)
The U.S. government announced the end of shoe rationing, effective at midnight.
Gen. George C. Marshall was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. Dr. Albert Schweitzer received the Peace Prize for 1952.
Muhammad Ali knocked out George Foreman in the eighth round of a 15-round bout in Kinshasa, Zaire, known as the “Rumble in the Jungle,” to regain his world heavyweight title.