THE DAN­GER OF EAT­ING TOO MUCH SALT

DREAM TEEN Magazine - - All From The Source -

Since 1980 there has been ex­ces­sive in­take of salt with chil­dren and adults. As a re­sult, more chil­dren have been di­ag­nosed with non-al­co­hol fatty liver, heart dis­ease, and di­a­betes; and for some lead­ing to hy­per­ten­sion. Too much salt is dan­ger­ous. In most peo­ple, the kid­neys have trou­ble keep­ing up with the ex­cess sodium in the blood­stream. As sodium ac­cu­mu­lates, the body holds onto wa­ter to di­lute the sodium. This in­creases both the amount of fluid sur­round­ing the cells and the vol­ume of blood in the blood­stream. In­creased blood vol­ume means more work for the heart and more pres­sure on blood ves­sels. Over time, the ex­tra work and pres­sure can stiffen blood ves­sels, lead­ing to high blood pres­sure, heart attack, and stroke. It can also lead to heart fail­ure. There is also some ev­i­dence that too much salt can dam­age the heart, aorta, and kid­neys with­out in­creas­ing blood pres­sure, and that it may be bad for bones as well. High blood pres­sure is a lead­ing cause of car­dio­vas­cu­lar dis­ease. It ac­counts for two-thirds of all strokes and half of heart dis­ease. In China, high blood pres­sure is the lead­ing cause of pre­ventable death, and is re­spon­si­ble for more than one mil­lion deaths a year. The ev­i­dence is clear, too much salt can have se­ri­ous long-term health im­pli­ca­tions. Un­for­tu­nately, too many peo­ple con­tinue to in­dulge in di­ets high in sodium, that far ex­ceeds the daily-rec­om­mended value of 2,300 mil­ligrams.

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