THE DANGER OF EATING TOO MUCH SALT
Since 1980 there has been excessive intake of salt with children and adults. As a result, more children have been diagnosed with non-alcohol fatty liver, heart disease, and diabetes; and for some leading to hypertension. Too much salt is dangerous. In most people, the kidneys have trouble keeping up with the excess sodium in the bloodstream. As sodium accumulates, the body holds onto water to dilute the sodium. This increases both the amount of fluid surrounding the cells and the volume of blood in the bloodstream. Increased blood volume means more work for the heart and more pressure on blood vessels. Over time, the extra work and pressure can stiffen blood vessels, leading to high blood pressure, heart attack, and stroke. It can also lead to heart failure. There is also some evidence that too much salt can damage the heart, aorta, and kidneys without increasing blood pressure, and that it may be bad for bones as well. High blood pressure is a leading cause of cardiovascular disease. It accounts for two-thirds of all strokes and half of heart disease. In China, high blood pressure is the leading cause of preventable death, and is responsible for more than one million deaths a year. The evidence is clear, too much salt can have serious long-term health implications. Unfortunately, too many people continue to indulge in diets high in sodium, that far exceeds the daily-recommended value of 2,300 milligrams.