MORE SIRES IN­FLU­EN­TIAL IN AMER­ICA BE­FORE THE CIVIL WAR

EQUUS - - Conformation Insights -

Glen­coe (1831), im­ported 1836, was by Sul­tan, trac­ing in sire-line to Herod, out of Tram­po­line, whose sire-line goes to Eclipse. Her tail-fe­male, how­ever, goes to Highflyer and all three Thor­ough­bred foun­da­tion sires, the Godol­phin, By­erly and Dar­ley. A beau­ti­ful and re­fined an­i­mal, Glen­coe looks like a mod­ern Thor­ough­bred race­horse, rather than the more heav­ily built an­i­mals just re­viewed. Glen­coe had a ca­reer in Amer­ica span­ning over 20 years, dur­ing which he pro­duced about 480 pure­bred foals—and un­told num­bers of half­breds whose names pop up in all of the Amer­i­can reg­istries. Be­fore his ex­por­ta­tion, Glen­coe was the sire of Poc­a­hon­tas (1837), said to be the all-time most valu­able Thor­ough­bred brood­mare. Af­ter ar­riv­ing here, he be­came the sire of Reel (1838), like­wise the most valu­able Amer­i­can Thor­ough­bred brood­mare of her time. His Amer­i­can sons are less fa­mous, but the lines of Rat­a­plan (1850) and King Tom (1851) both sur­vived the Civil War. Like most of the other in­flu­en­tial early 19th century im­ports, Glen­coe’s ser­vices were avail­able only in the South­ern and bor­der states— Alabama, Ten­nessee and Ken­tucky.

Black Hawk (1833) by Sherman Morgan out of Queen of the Neck, she by Cap­tain Ab­so­lute by the im­ported Clav­ileno. The Queen’s own dam was a mare from New Brunswick owned by the Saun­ders fam­ily, by im­ported Lofty out of a mare by Wil­dair. None of the mares on the distaff side of her pedi­gree can be specif­i­cally traced, but they were al­most

cer­tainly Cana­di­ans. I in­clude this brief in­tro­duc­tion to Black Hawk here be­cause he ex­em­pli­fies the type of horse most widely ad­mired and pa­tron­ized in the pre-Civil War North, re­puted to have sired over a thou­sand foals in a stud ca­reer span­ning more than 20 years. With a coat of iri­des­cent black, big shapely neck and lofty car­riage, he cut a hand­some fig­ure in har­ness and is re­puted to have been stylish, with great bot­tom, of­ten be­ing driven 50 miles in one day. In 1849 Black Hawk sired Ethan Allen 50, the most fa­mous horse of his day and the last great har­ness racer of mostly Morgan deriva­tion. That story to be con­tin­ued!

GLEN­COE

BLACK HAWK

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