EQUUS - - Contents -

Words fol­lowed by this sym­bol 0 are de­fined here

amino acids--- or­ganic build­ing blocks that to­gether make up pro­teins and into which pro­teins can be bro­ken down. “Es­sen­tial amino acid” con­tent de­ter­mines the qual­ity of a pro­tein. The se­quence of amino acids in a pro­tein, and hence pro­tein func­tion, are de­ter­mined by the ge­netic code. arthroscopy--- ex­am­i­na­tion of the in­te­rior of a joint through a slen­der fiber-op­tic in­stru­ment. Used pri­mar­ily in joint surgery, arthroscopy has ren­dered many more in­va­sive tech­niques ob­so­lete. body con­di­tion score (BCS)---a des­ig­na­tion, based on a nine-point nu­meric scale, in­di­cat­ing the amount of fat on a horse’s body. A BCS is as­signed af­ter a vis­ual and hands-on ap­praisal. car­bo­hy­drates--- large group of car­bon-based com­pounds, in­clud­ing starches, sug­ars and cel­lu­lose, that are found in plants and form the largest class of an­i­mal foods. Car­bo­hy­drates, to­gether with pro­teins and lipids, are prin­ci­pal com­po­nents of cell pro­to­plasm, the vis­cous fluid that fills plant and an­i­mal cells. chon­droitin sul­fate--- a sul­fated gly­cosamino­gly­can, a large pro­tein mol­e­cule that is a con­stituent of con­nec­tive tis­sues and car­ti­lage; a com­mon in­gre­di­ent in many joint sup­ple­ments. con­junc­tivi­tis--- in­flam­ma­tion of the con­junc­tiva, the mem­brane lin­ing the inside of the eye­lid and cov­er­ing the ex­posed sur­face (“white”) of the eye­ball around the cornea. cornea--- trans­par­ent mem­brane form­ing the front part of the eye­ball. Light passes through the cornea to the lens. de­vel­op­men­tal ortho­pe­dic dis­ease--- a gen­eral term used to de­scribe all skele­tal con­di­tions as­so­ci­ated with growth and de­vel­op­ment in foals, in­clud­ing os­teo­chon­dro­sis, ac­quired an­gu­lar limb de­for­mi­ties, sub­chon­dral bone cysts, physi­tis, flex­u­ral de­for­mi­ties, ver­te­bral de­for­mi­ties, and de­for­mi­ties of the small bones of the hock and knees. equine meta­bolic syn­drome (EMS)--en­docrine dis­or­der char­ac­ter­ized by in­creased fat de­posits in spe­cific lo­ca­tions of the body or over­all obe­sity; in­sulin re­sis­tance, which leads to ab­nor­mally high lev­els of the hor­mone cir­cu­lat­ing in the blood­stream; and a pre­dis­po­si­tion to­ward lamini­tis in the ab­sence of other rec­og­nized causes. fat-sol­u­ble vi­ta­mins--- vi­ta­mins A, D, E and K, which are avail­able from plant oils and fats. fatty acids--- group of com­plex or­ganic chem­i­cals that are the build­ing blocks of fat. gran­u­la­tion--- for­ma­tion of new cells from the cap­il­lar­ies in the base of a wound to fill the wound gap. in­gesta--- the par­tially di­gested con­tents of the in­testi­nal tract; the food­stuff eaten. lar­ynx (voice box)---or­gan that func­tions to keep un­wanted sub­stances out of the air­way and to pro­duce voice. Cen­tered just at the back of the lower jaw­bone, the lar­ynx is equiv­a­lent to the hu­man “Adam’s ap­ple.” lipids--- sev­eral non-wa­ter-sol­u­ble, fatty sub­stances that, to­gether with pro­tein and car­bo­hy­drates, com­pose the struc­tural ma­te­rial of cells; may serve as a fuel source in the body. me­tab­o­lism--- the sum of chem­i­cal pro­cesses within the body that trans­form in­com­ing raw nu­tri­ents into pro­to­plasm or con­sume them in func­tional ac­tiv­i­ties, even­tu­ally break­ing down the nu­tri­ents into waste prod­ucts. non­s­teroidal anti-in­flam­ma­tory drug (NSAID)---drug that con­tains no steroids and acts to re­duce heat and swelling. pi­tu­itary pars in­ter­me­dia dys­func­tion (PPID, Cush­ing’s dis­ease)---dis­ease caused when the cor­tex of the adrenal gland pro­duces ex­ces­sive amounts of hormones, in­clud­ing cor­ti­sol; signs in­clude per­sis­tent long hair, thin skin, frag­ile bones, stu­por, weakness and sweat­ing.

pro­tein--- large mol­e­cule com­posed of one or more chains of amino acids in a spe­cific or­der. Pro­teins are re­quired for the struc­ture, func­tion and reg­u­la­tion of the body’s cells, tis­sues and organs, and each pro­tein has unique func­tions. Sim­ple pro­teins con­sist only of amino acids. Con­ju­gated pro­teins con­sist of amino acids joined to other com­plex mol­e­cules. De­rived pro­teins are the prod­ucts of chem­i­cal changes to other pro­teins. proud flesh--- ex­cess gran­u­la­tion tis­sue ris­ing out of and above the edges of a wound, form­ing a raw, ex­posed mound that makes fur­ther heal­ing de­layed or im­pos­si­ble with­out med­i­ca­tion or surgery. wa­ter-sol­u­ble vi­ta­min--- vi­ta­min stored in cells and dis­solved in body flu­ids. Vi­ta­min C and the B-com­plex vi­ta­mins are wa­ter sol­u­ble.

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