3 pro­posed na­tional mon­u­ments

Escalon Times - - PERSPECTIVE -

BILLINGS, Mont. (AP) — U.S. In­te­rior Sec­re­tary Ryan Zinke has rec­om­mended changes to some ex­ist­ing na­tional mon­u­ments, in­clud­ing shrink­ing their size and al­low­ing more uses such as min­ing, fish­ing and log­ging.

He’s also rec­om­mend­ing Pres­i­dent Don­ald Trump cre­ate three new mon­u­ments in Mon­tana, Ken­tucky and Mis­sis­sippi.

Here’s some back­ground on the sites Zinke says merit pro­tec­tion un­der the An­tiq­ui­ties Act of 1906:

BADGER-TWO MEDICINE

The area spans ap­prox­i­mately 203 square miles (526 square kilo­me­ters) within the Lewis and Clark Na­tional For­est in north­west Mon­tana. BadgerTwo Medicine is the site of the cre­ation story of the Black­foot tribes of the U.S. and Canada. It’s bor­dered by the Black­feet In­dian Reser­va­tion, Glacier Na­tional Park and the Bob Mar­shall Wilder­ness. For more than two decades, a Louisiana-based oil and gas com­pany, Solenex, has sought to drill for oil and gas on a fed­eral lease it holds within the pro­posed mon­u­ment.

MEDGAR EVERS’ HOME

Evers, who lived in Jack­son, Mis­sis­sippi, was the first field sec­re­tary for the NAACP and or­ga­nized boy­cotts over seg­re­ga­tion statewide dur­ing the civil rights move­ment. He was killed by a gun­shot to the back on June 12, 1963, as he re­turned home from a meet­ing with NAACP lawyers. A lo­cal Ku Klux Klan mem­ber, By­ron De La Beck­with, was ar­rested for Evers’ mur­der, but ju­ries twice dead­locked on the case. Beck­with re­mained free un­til new ev­i­dence three decades later helped lead to his con­vic­tion in 1994. Evers’ home was des­ig­nated as a Na­tional His­toric Land­mark in Fe­bru­ary.

CAMP NEL­SON

On about 6 square miles (16 square kilo­me­ters) near Ni­cholasville, Ken­tucky, Camp Nel­son was es­tab­lished in 1863 as a 700-bed Union Army hos­pi­tal, sup­ply de­pot and re­cruit­ing cen­ter for African-Amer­i­can troops in the state. A ceme­tery, known to­day as Camp Nel­son Na­tional Ceme­tery, was later built to take the many wounded sol­diers who died in the camp’s un­san­i­tary con­di­tions. The Army also built a refugee camp for fam­ily mem­bers of freed slaves who trained at Camp Nel­son. As many as 8,000 troops gar­risoned the camp at any one time. Af­ter the war, much of the land re­turned to farm­ing and al­most all its 300 build­ings were sold for lum­ber, leav­ing only the refugee camp and the ceme­tery, ac­cord­ing to the Na­tional Park Ser­vice.

Photo con­trib­uted

Medgar Ever’s home in Jack­son, Mis­sis­sippi

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