01 personal Protection
If you need to store firearms for an extended period of time, be sure that it is done properly with special consideration first and foremost to the protection of your family and others. Other factors that you will want to consider are warding off the possibility of theft and the physical protection and preservation of the guns themselves.
02 Prepare the Firearm
Disassemble the gun and perform a thorough cleaning of it inside and out with an ammoniafree cleaner, which will help keep it dry. Be sure that any traces of fingerprints and other handprints are removed. Apply a thin layer of gun oil in the bore and on any exposed metal. Wood stocks can be treated with wax to help avoid deterioration from long-term storage.
03 Storage Area
The storage area you choose is as important as how you prepare the firearm for storage. Avoid damp, overly humid or musky places since you are trying to avoid exposing your guns to moisture. A gun safe with a dehumidifier or desiccant packs is ideal. Storing your firearms in a silicone-treated gun sock is a good idea too. The silicone keeps moisture out while the sock itself can help prevent scratches. Vacuumsealed gun storage bags are also available for even more protection against the elements.
Just remember that anything that might absorb moisture should be avoided.
04 Decocked and Muzzle Down
Keeping your firearms decocked relieves tension on its springs and other internal parts. Long guns can also benefit from being stored muzzle down in order for gun oil to run down and away from its stock and other parts.
05 Check On It
Environmental factors such as climate, season and geographical area can drastically affect the conditions that may in turn affect your firearm. It’s a good idea to check on it once in a while to make sure that it stays in tip-top shape, especially if it is stored in a wet or humid region. Apply a new coat of oil at regular intervals if necessary.