43. Harold Hamm & fam­ily


The 13th child of Ok­la­homa share­crop­pers, he used to pick cot­ton and be­gan work­ing at a gas sta­tion at age 16 to sup­port his fam­ily. He even­tu­ally started his own truck­ing com­pany, haul­ing wa­ter to and from oil­fields, then in 1971 took out a loan to drill his first well. In the 1990s, he had the vi­sion to use hor­i­zon­tal drilling and hy­draulic frac­tur­ing in North Dakota’s Bakken re­gion, help­ing to trans­form the U.S. oil in­dus­try. To­day his Con­ti­nen­tal Re­sources pro­duces more than 200,000 bar­rels per day from North Dakota and Ok­la­homa. Hamm owns 75% of the com­pany.

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