140. Martha Ingram & family
Ingram ran her family’s distribution and marine company, Ingram Industries. She took it over in 1995 after her husband Bronson died. She quickly spun off its computer distribution business into publicly traded Ingram Micro (bought by China’s HNA Group for $6 billion in December 2016). Martha stepped down as chairman in 2008, leaving sons Orrin and John to run the business. Another son, David, is chairman of Ingram Entertainment, an independent firm that distributes DVDS and videogames.