China com­mit­ted to ap­ply­ing AI in ju­di­cial work

Global Times US Edition - - CHINA - By Qu Qi­uyan

Ar­ti­fi­cial in­tel­li­gence (AI) will be used more fre­quently to as­sist ju­di­cial of­fi­cials in China for in­ves­ti­ga­tion and mak­ing de­ci­sions, in a bid to pro­mote jus­tice and im­prove ju­di­cial ef­fi­ciency.

AI will change the lit­i­ga­tion pro­ce­dure and also change judges’ mode of mak­ing de­ci­sions, He Fan, head of the ju­di­cial re­form of­fice of China’s Supreme Peo­ple’s Court, said at a con­fer­ence held Fri­day in Hangzhou, East China’s Zhe­jiang Prov­ince, thep­a­ re­ported.

“Judges pre­vi­ously had to make de­ci­sions ac­cord­ing to what they see and hear at courts and based on their un­der­stand­ing of laws, but now they can use AI to as­sist their work,” said He at the con­fer­ence, adding that an ideal mode is the “206 project,” a smart sys­tem to as­sist crim­i­nal case in­ves­ti­ga­tions, which so far has been adopted in Shang­hai for a two-month trial.

He ex­plained that the sys­tem can pro­vide sug­ges­tions to in­ves­ti­ga­tors based on anal­y­sis com­bin­ing all the data stored at po­lice bu­reaus, courts and procu­ra­torates, ac­cord­ing to the re­port.

“For ex­am­ple, when a po­lice of­fi­cer wants to ar­rest a crim­i­nal sus­pect, the AI sys­tem can au­to­mat­i­cally re­mind him that three pieces of key ev­i­dence are miss­ing and an­other two pieces of ev­i­dence have flaws; if a procu­ra­tor wants to file a law­suit, the sys­tem might say that 80 per­cent of sim­i­lar cases can­not be brought to charge,” said He.

By the end of June, the 206 project had recorded 60 cases and a to­tal of 19,316 pieces of ev­i­dence, pro­vided ev­i­dence guid­ance on more than 2,000 oc­ca­sions, and found a to­tal of 48 flawed ev­i­dences, ac­cord­ing to the web­site of the Shang­hai High Peo­ple’s Court.

The AI in­volve­ment in the ju­di­cial sys­tem will help pro­mote ju­di­cial fair­ness and eq­uity, but the pro­por­tion of AI in­put and hu­man judg­ment should be well bal­anced, Zhang Jian­wei, a law pro­fes­sor with Ts­inghua Univer­sity, told the Global Times.

“It is true that AI can as­sist ju­di­cial pro­ce­dure, but it is merely a kind of aux­il­iary tech­nol­ogy that can­not dom­i­nate the ju­di­cial de­ci­sion-mak­ing,” said Zhang.

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