Make earth cleaner

China’s role as cli­mate co­op­er­a­tion fa­cil­i­ta­tor in­creas­ing

Global Times US Edition - - CHINA -

The Chi­nese del­e­gates to the UN cli­mate talks in Bonn, Ger­many on Fri­day voiced their con­cerns on be­half of de­vel­op­ing coun­tries and called for more fo­cused dis­cus­sions on pre-2020 ac­tions.

The first week of the 23rd Con­fer­ence of Par­ties (COP23) to the United Na­tions Frame­work Con­ven­tion on Cli­mate Change (UNFCCC) is draw­ing to an end fo­cus­ing on tech­ni­cal is­sues.

“There has been a heated de­bate on pre-2020 am­bi­tions in Bonn. Ac­tu­ally, it’s not a new is­sue, but rather, un­fin­ished busi­ness,” Chen Zhi­hua, a mem­ber of the del­e­ga­tion told a press brief­ing, while calling for the is­sue to be put on the con­fer­ence agenda.

“There are only two years left to 2020 so we don’t have the lux­ury of time, and we re­ally need to ac­cel­er­ate the process to rat­ify the Doha amend­ment to put it into ef­fect as soon as pos­si­ble,” Chen added.

He went on to say that, as the coun­tries agreed in the Bali process that de­vel­oped coun­tries should be more am­bi­tious in sup­port­ing de­vel­op­ing coun­tries, and, “It is time to take stock of what they ey have done and where the gap is s and how to close the gap.”

The global fight against cli­mate mate change, which started in 1992 with the UNFCCC, can be di­vided into a pre-2020 phase, which was guided by the Ky­oto Pro­to­col, and the pe­riod af­ter­wards, to be di­rected by the Paris Agree­ment.

How­ever, the Doha amend­ment, es­tab­lish­ing the sec­ond com­mit­ment pe­riod of the Ky­oto Pro­to­col (2013-2020), in­clud­ing quan­ti­fied emis­sions lim­i­ta­tion or re­duc­tion com­mit­ments by sev­eral de­vel­oped coun­tries, was just rat­i­fied by some coun­tries.

“If we can­not close the gaps pre2020, they will ul­ti­mately con­tinue into the post-2020 pe­riod,” Chen pointed out.

Gu Zi­hua, an­other Chi­nese ne­go­tia­tor, added that China be­lieved that pre-2020 was “trust-build­ing” for de­vel­op­ing coun­tries and if the pledges al­ready made could not be ful­filled, faith in fu­ture pledges

would be damp­ened.

“We’re not ask­ing the de­vel­oped coun­tries to make un­re­al­is­tic pledges, we’re just ask­ing them to ful­fill the prom­ises that were made,” Gu said, calling for a clear de­ci­sion on the time­line of ful­fill­ing the Doha amend­ment.

De­vel­op­ing coun­tries also called for a cer­e­mony to cel­e­brate the adop­tion of the Ky­oto Pro­to­col as this year marks the 20th an­niver­sary of the his­tor­i­cal event, ac­cord­ing to Chen, not­ing that, “We need to do some­thing to memo­ri­al­ize this very im­por­tant his­tor­i­cal mo­ment, and ac­tion is the best way to com­mem­o­rate the adop­tion.”

Fi­nan­cial con­cerns

Chen also men­tioned fi­nanc­ing as a mat­ter of con­cern for not only China but all de­vel­op­ing coun­tries, “be­cause of the gap”.

He ex­plained, “If the US is go­ing to con­trib­ute less, the gap is just go­ing to get big­ger,” in an­swer to a ques­tion about whether the US’s with­drawal had im­pli­ca­tions for cli­mate fi­nanc­ing. G Gu tried to clar­ify the no­tion tha that the fi­nan­cial obli­ga­tion was a col­lec­tive one among th the de­vel­oped coun­tries. “So, if one de­vel­oped co coun­try with­draws, we hope tha that other de­vel­oped coun­tries can in­crease their con­tri­bu­tion bu­tions to fill that gap, and we also be­lie be­lieve that lo­cal gov­ern­ment, cor­po­ra­tions cor­po­ra­tio and non-state par­ties in the U.S. c can do their part to fill that gap,” Gu pointed out. He also said that China would con­tinue to con­trib­ute on a vol­un­tary ba­sis and through south-south co­op­er­a­tion by help­ing other de­vel­op­ing coun­tries ad­dress the cli­mate change is­sue.

China’s role

China has played an ac­tive role in the first week’s COP meet­ing, Gu said in an in­ter­view with Xinhua, and, “We’ve re­ally been en­gaged in talks on each agenda, and have of­fered pro­pos­als.”

China has also acted as a me­di­a­tor for de­vel­op­ing coun­tries to co­or­di­nate their ef­forts and has had close con­sul­ta­tions on how to fa­cil­i­tate di­a­logues, Gu said.

He con­cluded by say­ing that China also or­ga­nized many side events at its pavil­ion to in­tro­duce the coun­try’s best cli­mate pro­tec­tion prac­tices and has held ex­changes with other coun­tries or cli­mate ac­tors. Xinhua

Pho­tos: VCG

The 23rd Con­fer­ence of Par­ties (COP 23) to the United Na­tions Frame­work Con­ven­tion on Cli­mate Change (UNFCCC) has gar­nered world­wide at­ten­tion as it is cru­cial to the im­ple­men­ta­tion of the Paris Agree­ment which will di­rect the global ef­forts in cli­mate pro­tec­tion af­ter 2020.

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