Dire short­age of daycare cen­ters may imp CHILDCAR

Global Times US Edition - - INDE -

reaches three years old,” Liu told Xin­hua News Agency.

China’s new two-child pol­icy, in­tro­duced in 2016, has ag­gra­vated this dilemma for many par­ents. “The old one-child pol­icy low­ered China’s need for child­care fa­cil­i­ties, and for a long time the short­age didn’t seem to have a big im­pact,” Yang Juhua, a pro­fes­sor at the pop­u­la­tion de­vel­op­ment stud­ies cen­ter of Ren­min Univer­sity of China, told Xin­hua.

“But with the im­ple­men­ta­tion of a two-child pol­icy and the change of fam­ily struc­ture, China’s child­care cri­sis is in­creas­ingly prom­i­nent,” she said.

While grand­par­ents re­main the most pop­u­lar, trusted and pre­ferred form of child­care in China, dif­fer­ent ap­proaches to early child­hood de­vel­op­ment be­tween tra­di­tional el­ders and their more mod­ern off­spring of­ten lead to clashes.

For in­stance, Chi­nese grand­par­ents are known to dote on chil­dren, which has di­rectly led to China’s soar­ing obe­sity rate not to men­tion the “Lit­tle Em­peror” (a term re­fer­ring to spoiled chil­dren who gain ex­ces­sive amounts of at­ten­tion from their par­ents and grand­par­ents) phe­nom­e­non.

Thus, caught be­tween a lack of pro­fes­sional ed­u­ca­tional fa­cil­i­ties and let­ting their chil­dren be­come fat and en­ti­tled un­der the watch of grand­par­ents, many Chi­nese par­ents are opt­ing out of hav­ing a sec­ond child, de­spite gov­ern­ment en­cour­age­ment.

Ac­cord­ing to re­search by the All-China Women’s Fed­er­a­tion in 2016, which polled par­ents in 21 cities in 10 prov­inces, 53.3 per­cent said they have “no in­ten­tion” of hav­ing a sec­ond child, with “no one to care for their child” be­ing the ma­jor rea­son.

This is also forc­ing some moth­ers to give up on their jobs and stay at home to

En­roll­ment rate of 0 to 3 year-olds in daycare

China De­vel­oped coun­tries

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