If you notice a lump or bump on your horse, there are five important questions to answer before you call your vet. With these answers available, your vet will have the necessary information to help you decide if you should worry.
Question #1: Where’s the lump located? As with most things, location matters. Try to describe as accurately as possible where the lump is on your horse’s body.
Question #2: How long has it been there? This one’s simple. A new lump or bump is much more likely to be a problem than one that’s been there forever—especially if the old lump has never caused a problem in the past. Carefully examine your horse every time you groom him, and be familiar with his normal presentation.
Question #3: What’s its consistency? Gently squeeze or apply pressure on every lump you see. Tell your vet if it feels hard and bony or soft and squishy.
Question #4: Is it painful when you touch it or apply pressure with your fingers? A painful lump is more likely to be a problem than one that doesn’t elicit a pain response.
Question #5: If it’s on your horse’s leg, is he lame? Put him on the longe line and watch him jog. If he’s lame on the leg where a new lump surfaced, chances are it’s significant and should be examined.