2018 Nobel Prize in medicine
Jim Allison and Takusu Honjo for their discovery of cancer therapy by inhibition of negative immune regulation
Cancer Therapy 1966: Charles Huggins for his work showing that estrogen therapy or androgen ablation could control prostate cancer. 1988: Trudy Elion and George Hitchens for the development of anticancer drugs thioguanine and mercaptopurine widely used in the treatment of various leukemias as well as an antigout drug (allopurinal) and an antibacterial drug (trimethoprim). 1990: E. Donnall Thomas for the development of bone marrow transplantation as a treatment for leukemia. Cancer Discovery 1966: Peyton Rous for his discovery of tumor-inducing viruses. 1975: David Baltimore, Renato Dulbecco and Howard Martin Temin for their discoveries concerning the interaction between tumor viruses and the genetic material of the cell. 1989: J. Michael Bishop and Harold E. Varmus for their discovery of the cellular origin of retroviral oncogenes. 2008: Harald zur Hausen for his discovery of human papilloma viruses causing cervical cancer.