A panel recommends the rollback of dozens of federal rules on aviation safety.
WASHINGTON — An influential industry committee recommended Thursday that the Federal Aviation Administration eliminate or scale back dozens of safety rules, including one on airline pilot qualifications.
The FAA’s Aviation Rulemaking Advisory Committee said the recommendations are a response to an effort by the agency to comply with President Donald Trump’s directives to cut regulations.
Pilots unions and safety groups oppose the recommendation on pilot qualifications, saying it would undermine safety. Regional airlines have been trying to roll back the pilot qualifications rule since it was adopted by the FAA in response to a sweeping law passed by Congress after the last fatal crash of a U.S. passenger airliner.
Lawmakers said at the time that they were concerned about reports in the wake of the crash of Colgan Continental Connection Flight 3407 in 2009 near Buffalo, N.Y., that some regional airlines were hiring first officers with far less experience than pilots at major airlines. All 49 on board and a man on the ground were killed after the captain responded incorrectly to safety systems, causing the plane to stall.
After the crash, lawmakers increased the minimum number of flight hours first officers must have in order to obtain a license to fly commercial passenger airliners to 1,500 hours, the same as captains, leading to more experienced first officers.
Before that, airlines were allowed to hire first officers with as few as 250 hours of flying experience. Some airlines would move first officers into a captain’s seat as soon as they had the minimum 1,500 hours of flying experience.
The report recommends permitting pilots with less than 1,500 hours to qualify for an “air transport” license if they receive academic training from their airline.
Airlines say the current rule is acerbating a pilot shortage. It can cost prospective pilots as much as they might pay for a fouryear college education to acquire the greater flying hours they now need to qualify for an air transport license. Faye Malarkey Black, president of the regional airline association, said the proposed changes would incorporate more meaningful education into pilot training than mere flight hours.
Airline pilot unions and safety advocates say the problem is regional airlines don’t pay high enough entry-level salaries to attract as many pilots as they need.
A group representing the families of victims of the Colgan crash said regional airlines have taken their case to the advisory panel “to bypass the legislative process where they have run into considerable resistance.”
Debris marks the crash site in 2009 of Colgan Continental Connection Flight 3407 near Buffalo, N.Y.. All 49 people on board and a man on the ground were killed.