Ja­pan, San Marino top longevity lists

Los Angeles Times - - The World -

geneva— Boys born in San Marino, a tiny repub­lic sur­rounded by Italy, are ex­pected to live to age 80, the world’s long­est male life ex­pectancy at birth, but new­born girls in 31 other coun­tries have even bet­ter prospects, the World Health Or­ga­ni­za­tion said Fri­day.

Sierra Leone reg­is­tered the short­est male life ex­pectancy at birth, 37 years — the same as that of girls in Swazi­land, who were at the bot­tom of the fe­male list — in WHO’s “World Health Sta­tis­tics 2007.”

Fe­males in Ja­pan, who con­tinue to lead the world ta­bles, have a life ex­pectancy at birth of 86 years, the same as last year’s sta­tis­tics. San Marino men, who tied with Ja­panese men last year at 79, added a year to get ahead.

New­born boys in the U.S. have a 75-year life ex­pectancy, U.S. new­born girls 80 — 33rd and 32nd place, re­spec­tively.

The life ex­pectancy fig­ures were based on 2005, the latest year avail­able.

Be­sides Ja­pan, fol­low­ing San Marino on the male side were Aus­tralia, Ice­land, Swe­den and Switzer­land at 79 years. Cuba was among the coun­tries that tied the U.S.

Coun­tries with long fe­male life ex­pectan­cies in­clude Monaco at 85 years. Costa Rica and Den­mark tied the United States.

Afghanistan and Sierra Leone are the tough­est places for ba­bies, with an in­fant mor­tal­ity rate of 165 in 1,000 live births, com­pared with the two ba­bies who die per 1,000 born in Sin­ga­pore or Ice­land, which shared first place. In the U.S., seven ba­bies die per 1,000, the same rate as in Be­larus, Slo­vakia and Lithua­nia — a tie for 38th place.

Sierra Leone is worse than Afghanistan for moth­ers’ sur­vival, with the worst ma­ter­nal mor­tal­ity rate: 2,000 per 100,000 live births in 2000, the latest year for which sta­tis­tics were avail­able. The rate for Afghanistan, sec­ond-worst, was 1,900. Ire­land did best at four deaths. The U.S. was in 29th place with 14 ma­ter­nal deaths per 100,000 live births.

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