U.S. man to get a new trial in Iraq massacre
WASHINGTON — A federal appeals court on Friday overturned the first-degree murder conviction of a former Blackwater security contractor, ordering a new trial for the man prosecutors say fired the first shots in the 2007 slayings of 14 Iraqi civilians at a crowded traffic circle in Baghdad.
In a split opinion, the three-judge panel of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit ruled that a lower court erred by not allowing Nicholas Slatten to be tried separately from his three co-defendants in 2014.
The 33-year-old contractor from Tennessee is serving a life sentence for his part in the killings, which strained international relations and drew intense scrutiny of the role of American contractors in the Iraq war.
The court also ordered new sentences for the three other contractors, Paul Slough, Evan Liberty and Dustin Heard. They were each found guilty of manslaughter and firearms charges carrying mandatory 30-year terms.
The judges determined that those sentences violated the constitutional prohibition of cruel and unusual punishment because prosecutors charged them with using military firearms while committing another felony. That statute, typically employed against gang members or bank robbers, had never before been used against overseas security contractors working for the U.S. government.
A spokesman for the U.S. attorney’s office said prosecutors were still reviewing the decision and had no immediate comment.
Bill Coffield, a lawyer for Liberty, said he planned to meet with his client to review their options. “Obviously we’re pleased with the court’s decision in terms of the unconstitutionality of the sentence,” he said.
At the 2014 trial, federal prosecutors and defense lawyers presented very different versions of what led to the massacre in Nisoor Square. The government described the killings as an ambush of unarmed civilians; the defense said the guards opened fire out of fear that a fast-moving vehicle might contain a bomb. No evidence of a bomb was found.
In issuing their ruling benefiting the defendants, the judges said they were in no way excusing the horror of events they said “defies civilized description.”