Learn about composting
Don’t toss your spoiled tomatoes and wilting plants into your main trash bin. Separate it for composting — the city has an easy easy online guide — to turn your decomposing organic matter into healthy, useful soil. You can join a community composting project, or if you don’t have a garden, find drop-off sites to donate your food waste to compost programs. Having a bin specifically for food waste makes this easy, says Louise Bruce, senior manager for the sanitation department’s NYC Organics program. But the best tool is prevention: Before you consider throwing anything away, check if the food is still edible, salvageable or donatable. And having a separate food bin also lets you measure how much food waste you generate, figure out if you’re overbuying something and then change your shopping habits.