On this date
In 1792, the cornerstone of the executive mansion, later known as the White House, was laid by President George Washington during a ceremony in the District of Columbia.
In 1843, the Jewish organization B’nai B’rith was founded in New York City.
In 1932, President Herbert Hoover and Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes laid the cornerstone for the U.S. Supreme Court building in Washington, D.C.
In 1957, CBS-TV broadcast “The Edsel Show,” a one-hour live special starring Bing Crosby and Frank Sinatra designed to promote the new, ill-fated Ford automobile. (It was the first special to use new videotape technology to delay the broadcast to the West Coast.)
In 1972, a Uruguayan chartered flight carrying 45 people crashed in the Andes; survivors resorted to feeding off the remains of some of the dead to stay alive until they were rescued more than two months later.
In 1999, the Senate rejected the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, with 48 senators voting in favor and 51 against, far short of the 67 needed for ratification.
In 2010, rescuers in Chile using a missile-like escape capsule pulled 33 men one by one to fresh air and freedom 69 days after they were trapped in a collapsed mine a half-mile underground. Ten years ago: Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, after meeting with human-rights activists in Moscow, told reporters the Russian government under Vladimir Putin had amassed so much central authority that the power grab could undermine its commitment to democracy. Five years ago: Republicans Mitt Romney and Paul Ryan rallied college students in all corners of Ohio; President Barack Obama took time off the campaign trail to practice for the next debate against his GOP rival. One year ago: Bob Dylan was named winner of the Nobel prize in literature.
Frank Sinatra (left) and Bing Crosby both appeared on “The Edsel Show,” an early TV extravaganza that aired on Oct. 13, 1957.