A dif­fer­ent kind of gen­der dis­par­ity,

Modern Healthcare - - NEWS -

Call it male fraud.

A new study in the on­line aca­demic jour­nal mBio re­ports that male col­lege fac­ulty mem­bers were re­spon­si­ble for 88% of doc­u­mented cases of re­search mis­con­duct in bi­ol­ogy stud­ies by univer­sity pro­fes­sors, up­end­ing ex­pec­ta­tions that women would make up a quar­ter of the cases based on work­force de­mo­graph­ics.

The study, “Males are over­rep­re­sented among life sci­ence re­searchers com­mit­ting sci­en­tific mis­con­duct,” ex­am­ined 215 cases of fraud in sci­en­tific pa­pers re­ported by the U.S. Of­fice of Re­search

In­tegrity be­tween 1994 and 2012. The statis­tics ex­am­ined mis­con­duct by sev­eral types of re­searchers, from pro­fes­sors to post­doc fel­lows to stu­dents—and found men were over­rep­re­sented in each cat­e­gory.

But the gen­der dis­par­ity was great­est among cheat­ing col­lege pro­fes­sors, of whom only nine were fe­male and 63 were male.

Se­nior study au­thor Dr. Ar­turo Casade­vall, a pro­fes­sor at Al­bert Ein­stein Col­lege of Medicine at Yeshiva Univer­sity and ed­i­tor-in-chief of mBio, in a news re­lease aired some spec­u­la­tion about his the­o­ries for the re­ported male dom­i­nance.

“As re­search has shown, males tend to be risk-tak­ers, more so than fe­males, and to com­mit fraud en­tails tak­ing a risk,” he says. “It may also be that males are more com­pet­i­tive, or that women are more sen­si­tive to the threat of sanc­tions. I think the best an­swer is that we don’t know.”

Casade­vall sug­gested the need for more re­search to un­der­stand the gen­der dif­fer­ence in an “ef­fort to pro­mote the in­tegrity of re­search.”

Hey, if a re­search study can help plumb the mys­te­ri­ous di­vide be­tween the sexes, Out­liers is all for it.

Pizza pur­vey­ors wage their own ACA fight

Out­liers will ad­mit to lov­ing pizza, but we’ve al­ways felt a bit guilty won­der­ing just how many calo­ries those cheesy slices con­tain.

Now an in­dus­try-funded coali­tion is hop­ing to keep those calo­rie counts un­der the counter. Politico re­ports that “an old-fash­ioned po­lit­i­cal food fight” is un­der way in the Belt­way with pizza mak­ers ar­gu­ing that a pro­vi­sion in the Pa­tient Pro­tec­tion and Af­ford­able Care Act re­quir­ing chain restau­rants to pro­vide calo­rie counts shouldn’t ap­ply to pizza.

Ac­cord­ing to the group—with the ami­able name of the Amer­i­can Pizza Com­mu­nity—there are ap­par­ently 34 mil­lion ways to or­der a pizza, mak­ing ad­vanced dis­clo­sure of an in­di­vid­ual pizza’s calo­rie count some­what more dif­fi­cult than the sim­pler burger-and-fries combo. The group is lob­by­ing for a change in re­quire­ments that would in­stead man­date calo­rie counts for a slice rather than a whole pizza and av­er­age to­tals rather than spe­cific calo­rie counts. Con­sumer groups dis­agree. “They want a huge ex­emp­tion for pizza,” Margo Wootan, di­rec­tor of nutri­tion pol­icy at the Cen­ter for Sci­ence in the Pub­lic In­ter­est, told Politico. “They want to de­fine what a serv­ing size is them­selves so they can fi­na­gle the calo­rie counts.”

We’ll take a thin crust with mush­rooms and green pep­pers, please.

Quotable

“HIPAA has made it far too dif­fi­cult to sur­face po­ten­tially dan­ger­ous peo­ple. ... HIPAA clearly went too far. The ques­tion is, if you have in­for­ma­tion and you have a rea­son to be­lieve this per­son is dan­ger­ous, should there be a way to sur­face that?”

—Former Speaker of the House Newt Gingrich on ABC­news.com

“Her fam­ily re­fused (to let the pa­tient go home), and they told me so. Do I call se­cu­rity and es­cort them out? I was more con­cerned with them giv­ing me a bad pa­tient-sat­is­fac­tion sur­vey score than her go­ing home and hav­ing a stroke,” which was con­sid­ered highly un­likely.

—An emer­gency room doc­tor in Columbia, S.C., in Forbes

GETTY IM­AGES

How many calo­ries are in that slice? The pos­si­bil­i­ties seem to be end­less, ac­cord­ing to the pizza lobby.

GETTY IM­AGES

Her re­search re­sults may be more cred­i­ble than his, ac­cord­ing to a re­cent study of doc­u­mented cases of re­search mis­con­duct.

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