The earliest dolls, from the 1880s to around 1900, are often very simple in structure and design. The arms are close to the body with no fingers (referred to as tummy warming in the trade). These are rare dolls and can be quite expensive. A late-19th-century Pah’lik Mana in 2017 brought $20,000 at auction. This price range is not unusual, and rare or large katsina dolls in good original condition can bring into the low six figures; exceptional examples have brought over a $100,000. The evolution of the orientation of the dolls’ arms went from around the stomach, to the sides and finally straight out or in action with each decade.
Powamui katsina, ca. 1910-20, dances at the Bean Dance.