The word refers to the more freewheeling American expressions in a series of Renaissance-inspired styles ca. 1845 to 1900. Associated with 19th-century farmhouses, it became the most popular building style for decades, throughout the country.
This purist type has a foursquare footprint and cubic massing. Its hipped roof is topped with a square cupola called a belvedere.
Unendingly picturesque, this noble variant is asymmetrically (usually) anchored by a square tower called a campanile. Note quoins at the corners.
The word “Italianate” refers to a combination of Italian Renaissance shapes and details rendered in simplified, or occasionally exaggerated, fashion.
The related urban high style was Renaissance Revival, but row houses were often built in the vernacular: brownstone in Manhattan, wood in San Francisco.