After eight months
of living in isolation on a remote Hawaii volcano, six NASA-backed research subjects are set to emerge from their Marslike habitat and rejoin civilization.
HONOLULU — After eight months of living in isolation on a remote Hawaii volcano, six NASA-backed research subjects will emerge from their Mars-like habitat on Sunday and return to civilization.
Their first order of business after subsisting on freeze-dried and canned food: Feast on fresh-picked pineapple, papaya, mango, locally grown vegetables and a fluffy, homemade egg strata cooked by their project’s lead scientist.
The crew of four men and two women were quarantined on a vast plain below the summit of the world’s largest active volcano in January. All of their communications with the outside world were subjected to a 20-minute delay — the time it takes for signals to get from Mars to Earth.
They are part of a study designed to better understand the psychological effects that a long-term manned mission to space would have on astronauts. The data they gathered will help NASA better pick crews that have certain traits and a better chance of doing well during a two-to-three-year Mars expedition.
The space agency hopes to send humans to the red planet by the 2030s.
The Hawaii team wore specially designed sensors to gauge their moods and proximity to others in the 1,200 square-foot dome where they have lived.
The devices monitored, among other things, their voice levels and could sense if people were avoiding one another. It could also detect if they were next to each other and arguing.
The crew played games designed to measure their compatibility and stress levels.
When they got overwhelmed by being in such close proximity to each other, they could use virtual reality devices to escape to tropical beaches or other familiar landscapes.
The project’s lead investigator, University of Hawaii professor Kim Binsted, said the crew members also kept written logs about how they were feeling.
“This is our fifth mission, and we have learned a lot over those five missions. We’ve learned, for one thing, that conflict, even in the best of teams, is going to arise,” Binsted said. “So what’s really important is to have a crew that, both as individuals and a group, is really resilient, is able to look at that conflict and come back from it.”
The project is the fifth in a series of six NASA-funded studies at the University of Hawaii facility called the Hawaii Space Exploration Analog and Simulation, or HI-SEAS. NASA has dedicated $2.5 million to the studies at the facility.
Crew members were mostly excited and optimistic when they entered the facility in January, but had some trepidation.
“My biggest fear was that we were going to be that crew that turned out like Biosphere 2, which wasn’t a very pretty picture,” said mission commander James Bevington in January.
Biosphere 2 was a 1990s experimental greenhouse-like habitat in Arizona that turned into a debacle.
The HI-SEAS crew was not confined to the dome, but they were required to wear spacesuits whenever they went outside the dome for geological expeditions, mapping studies or other tasks.
Other Mars simulation projects exist around the world, but Hawaii researchers say one of the chief advantages of their project is the area’s rugged, Mars-like landscape, on a rocky, red plain below the summit of Mauna Loa, the world’s largest active volcano.
The HI-SEAS crew had to wear spacesuits whenever they went outside the dome.