Pawtucket Times - - AMUSEMENTS -

On Sept. 15, 1940, dur­ing the World War II Bat­tle of Bri­tain, the tide turned as the Royal Air Force in­flicted heavy losses upon the Luft­waffe.

On this date:

In 1789, the U.S. Depart­ment of For­eign Af­fairs was re­named the Depart­ment of State.

In 1807, for­mer Vice Pres­i­dent Aaron Burr was ac­quit­ted of a mis­de­meanor charge two weeks af­ter he was found not guilty of trea­son.

In 1857, Wil­liam Howard Taft — who served as Pres­i­dent of the United States and as U.S. chief jus­tice — was born in Cincin­nati, Ohio.

In 1917, the first is­sue of Forbes mag­a­zine was pub­lished.

In 1935, the Nuremberg Laws de­prived Ger­man Jews of their ci­ti­zen­ship.

In 1942, dur­ing World War II, the air­craft car­rier USS Wasp was tor­pe­doed by a Ja­panese sub­ma­rine; the U.S. Navy ended up sink­ing the badly dam­aged ves­sel.

In 1950, dur­ing the Korean con­flict, United Na­tions forces landed at In­cheon in the south and be­gan their drive to­ward Seoul.

In 1963, four black girls were killed when a bomb went off dur­ing Sun­day ser­vices at the 16th Street Bap­tist Church in Birm­ing­ham, Alabama. (Three Ku Klux Klans­men were even­tu­ally con­victed for their roles in the blast.)

In 1972, a fed­eral grand jury in Wash­ing­ton in­dicted seven men in con­nec­tion with the Water­gate break-in.

In 1981, the Se­nate Ju­di­ciary Com­mit­tee voted unan­i­mously to ap­prove the Supreme Court nom­i­na­tion of San­dra Day O'Con­nor.

In 1997, two of the na­tion's most pop­u­lar diet drugs — dexfen­flu­ramine and fen­flu­ramine — were pulled off the mar­ket be­cause of new ev­i­dence they could se­ri­ously dam­age pa­tients' hearts.

In 2000, the 2000 Sum­mer Olympics opened in Syd­ney, Aus­tralia, with a seem­ingly end­less pa­rade of ath­letes and coaches and a spec­tac­u­lar dis­play; Abo­rig­ine run­ner Cathy Free­man ig­nited an Olympic ring of fire. Ten years ago: In his Satur­day ra­dio ad­dress, Pres­i­dent Ge­orge W. Bush said while "for­mi­da­ble chal­lenges" re­mained in Iraq, the United States would start shift­ing more troops into sup­port roles in ad­di­tion to troop with­drawals an­nounced ear­lier.

Five years ago: Four days af­ter the deadly at­tack on a U.S. diplo­matic out­post in Beng­hazi, Libya, al-Qaida in the Ara­bian Penin­sula called for more at­tacks on U.S. em­bassies.

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