This Day in His­tory

Pawtucket Times - - AMUSEMENTS -

On Nov. 9, 1938, Nazis looted and burned syn­a­gogues as well as Jewish-owned stores and houses in Ger­many and Aus­tria in a pogrom, or de­lib­er­ate per­se­cu­tion, that be­came known as “Kristall­nacht.”

On this date:

In 1620, the pas­sen­gers and crew of the Mayflower sighted Cape Cod.

In 1918, it was an­nounced that Ger­many’s Kaiser Wil­helm II would ab­di­cate; he then fled to the Nether­lands.

In 1961, U.S. Air Force Maj. Robert M. White be­came the first pilot to fly an X-15 rocket plane at six times the speed of sound. The Bea­tles’ fu­ture man­ager, Brian Ep­stein, first saw the group per­form at The Cav­ern Club in Liver­pool, Eng­land.

In 1965, the great North­east blackout be­gan as a se­ries of power fail­ures last­ing up to 13½ hours left 30 mil­lion peo­ple in seven states and part of Canada with­out elec­tric­ity.

In 1967, a Saturn V rocket car­ry­ing an un­manned Apollo space­craft blasted off from Cape Kennedy on a suc­cess­ful test flight.

In 1970, for­mer French Pres­i­dent Charles de Gaulle died at age 79.

In 1976, the U.N. Gen­eral As­sem­bly ap­proved res­o­lu­tions con­demn­ing apartheid in South Africa, in­clud­ing one char­ac­ter­iz­ing the white-ruled govern­ment as “il­le­git­i­mate.”

In 1986, Is­rael re­vealed it was hold­ing Mordechai Va­nunu, a for­mer nu­clear tech­ni­cian who’d van­ished af­ter pro­vid­ing in­for­ma­tion to a British news­pa­per about Is­rael’s nu­clear weapons pro­gram. (Va­nunu was con­victed of trea­son and served 18 years in prison.)

In 1989, com­mu­nist East Ger­many threw open its borders, al­low­ing cit­i­zens to travel freely to the West; joy­ous Ger­mans danced atop the Ber­lin Wall.

In 1999, with fire­works, con­certs and a huge party at the land­mark Bran­den­burg Gate, Ger­many cel­e­brated the 10th an­niver­sary of the fall of the Ber­lin Wall.

In 2000, Ge­orge W. Bush’s lead over Al Gore in all-or-noth­ing Florida slipped be­neath 300 votes in a sus­pense-filled re­count, as Democrats threw the pres­i­den­tial elec­tion to the courts, claim­ing “an in­jus­tice un­par­al­leled in our his­tory.”

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