4. QUILTING TERMS Stitch along the line, backstitching to secure. Trim seam to 1/4" and press open (Figure 3). Appliqué: • Adding fabric motifs to a foundation fabric by hand or machine (see Appliqué section of Basic Techniques). This temporarily secures layers of quilting materials together with safety pins, thread or a spray adhesive in preparation for quilting the layers. Uses a long, straight stitch to hand- or machine-stitch one element to another, holding the elements in place during construction and usually removed after construction. An insulating material made in a variety of fiber contents that is used between the quilt top and back to provide extra warmth and loft. A finishing strip of fabric sewn to the outer raw edges of a quilt to cover them. Straight-grain binding strips, cut on the crosswise straight grain of the fabric (see Straight & Bias Grain Lines illustration on page 112), are commonly used. Bias binding strips are cut at a 45-degree angle to the straight grain of the fabric. They are used when binding is being added to curved edges. The basic quilting unit that is repeated to complete the quilt’s design composition. Blocks can be pieced, appliquéd or solid and are usually square or rectangular in shape. The frame of a quilt’s central design used to visually complete the design and give the eye a place to rest. The fibers that run either parallel (lengthwise grain) or perpendicular (crosswise grain) to the fabric selvage are straight grain. is any diagonal line between the lengthwise or crosswise grain. At these angles the fabric is less stable and stretches easily. The true bias of a woven fabric is a 45-degree angle 4" 1/ Basting: • 4Figure 3 Figure 3. Starting about 3" from the folded short end, sew binding to quilt top edges, matching raw edges and using a 1/4" seam. Stop stitching 1/4" from corner and backstitch (Figure 5). Quilt Backing & Batting We suggest that you cut your backing and batting 8" larger than the finished quilt-top size. If preparing the backing from standard-width fabrics, remove the selvages and sew two or three lengths together; press seams open. If using 108"-wide fabric, trim to size on the straight grain of the fabric. Prepare batting the same size as your backing. You can purchase prepackaged sizes or battings by the yard and trim to size. Stop 4" 1/ Batting: • Figure 5 4. Binding: Fold binding up at a 45-degree angle to seam and then down even with quilt edges, forming a pleat at corner, referring to Figure 6. • Quilting 1. Press quilt top on both sides and trim all loose threads. Make a quilt sandwich by layering the backing right side down, batting and quilt top centered right side up on flat surface and smooth out. Pin or baste layers together to hold. Mark quilting design on quilt top and quilt as desired by hand or machine. 2. Figure 6 5. Resume stitching from corner edge as shown in Figure 6, down quilt side, backstitching 1/4" from next corner. Repeat, mitering all corners, stitching to within 3" of starting point. Trim binding end long enough to tuck inside starting end and complete stitching (Figure 7). 3. Block: • Note: If you are sending your quilt to a professional quilter, contact them for specifics about preparing your quilt for quilting. 6. 4. Border: When quilting is complete, remove pins or basting. Trim batting and backing edges even with raw edges of quilt top. • Fabric grain: • Binding the Quilt 1. Join binding strips on short ends with diagonal seams to make one long strip; trim seams to 1/4" and press seams open (Figure 4). Fold 1" of one short end to wrong side and press. Fold the binding strip in half with wrong sides together along length, again referring to Figure 4; press. Bias Figure 7 2. 7. Fold binding to quilt back and stitch in place by hand or machine to complete your quilt. 111 Springtime Quilts May 2019 QUILTERSWORLD. COM
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