Raw-edge Fusi­ble Ap­pliqué

Quilters World - Autumn Colors - - Get Cozy Quilts -

One of the eas­i­est ways to ap­pliqué is the raw-edge fusibleweb method. Pa­per-backed fusi­ble web in­di­vid­ual pieces are fused to the wrong side of spec­i­fied fab­rics, cut out and then fused to­gether in a mo­tif or in­di­vid­u­ally to a foun­da­tion fabric, where they are ma­chine-stitched in place.

CHOOS­ING AP­PLIQUÉ FAB­RICS

De­pend­ing on the ap­pliqué, you may want to con­sider us­ing batiks. Batik is a much tighter weave and, be­cause of the man­u­fac­tur­ing process, does not fray. If you are think­ing about us­ing reg­u­lar quilt­ing cot­tons, be sure to stitch your raw-edge ap­pliqués with blan­ket/but­ton­hole stitches in­stead of a straight stitch.

CUT­TING AP­PLIQUÉ PIECES

1. Fusi­ble ap­pliqué shapes should be re­versed for this tech­nique.

2. Trace the ap­pliqué shapes onto the pa­per side of pa­per-backed fusi­ble web. Leave at least 1/4" be­tween shapes. Cut out shapes leav­ing a mar­gin around traced lines. Note: If do­ing sev­eral iden­ti­cal ap­pliqués, trace re­versed shapes onto tem­plate ma­te­rial to make re­us­able tem­plates for trac­ing shapes onto the fusi­ble web.

3. Fol­low man­u­fac­turer’s in­struc­tions and fuse shapes to wrong side of fabric as in­di­cated on pat­tern for color and num­ber to cut.

4. Cut out ap­pliqué shapes on traced lines. Re­move pa­per back­ing from shapes. 5. Again fol­low­ing fusi­ble web man­u­fac­turer’s in­struc­tions, ar­range and fuse pieces to quilt re­fer­ring to quilt pat­tern. Or fuse to­gether shapes on top of an ap­pliqué iron­ing mat to make an ap­pliqué mo­tif that can then be fused to the quilt.

STITCH­ING AP­PLIQUÉ EDGES

Ma­chine-stitch ap­pliqué edges to se­cure the ap­pliqués in place and help fin­ish the raw edges with match­ing or in­vis­i­ble thread (Photo 1). Note: To show stitch­ing, all sam­ples have been stitched with con­trast­ing thread. In­vis­i­ble thread can be used to stitch ap­pliqués down when us­ing the blan­ket or straight stitches. Do not use it for the satin stitch. Def­i­nitely prac­tice with in­vis­i­ble thread be­fore us­ing it on your quilt; it can some­times be dif­fi­cult to work with. A short, nar­row but­ton­hole or blan­ket stitch is most com­monly used (Photo 2). Your ma­chine man­ual may also re­fer to this as an ap­pliqué stitch. Be sure to stitch next to the ap­pliqué edge with the stitch catch­ing the ap­pliqué. Prac­tice turn­ing in­side and out­side cor­ners on scrap fabric be­fore stitch­ing ap­pliqué pieces. Learn how your ma­chine stitches so that you can make the pivot points smooth. 1. To stitch outer cor­ners, stitch to the edge of the cor­ner and stop with nee­dle in the fabric at the cor­ner point. Pivot to the next side of the cor­ner and con­tinue to sew (Photo 3). You will get a box on an out­side cor­ner. 2. To stitch in­ner cor­ners, pivot at the in­ner point with nee­dle in fabric (Photo 4). You will see a Y shape in the cor­ner.

3. You can also use a ma­chine straight stitch. Turn cor­ners in the same man­ner, stitch­ing to the cor­ners and piv­ot­ing with nee­dle in down po­si­tion (Photo 5).

GEN­ERAL AP­PLIQUÉ TIPS

1. Use a light- to medium-weight sta­bi­lizer be­hind an ap­pliqué to keep the fabric from puck­er­ing dur­ing ma­chine stitch­ing (Photo 6). 2. To re­duce the stiff­ness of a fin­ished ap­pliqué, cut out the cen­ter of the fusi­ble web shape, leav­ing 1/4"–1/2" in­side the pat­tern line. This gives a bor­der of ad­he­sive to fuse to the back­ground and leaves the cen­ter soft and easy to quilt.

3. If an ap­pliqué fabric is so light col­ored or thin that the back­ground fabric shows through, fuse a light­weight in­ter­fac­ing to the wrong side of the fabric. You can also fuse a piece of the ap­pliqué fabric to a match­ing piece, wrong sides to­gether, and then ap­ply the fusi­ble with a drawn pat­tern to one side.

Photo 2

Photo 4 Pivot point

Straight stitch Photo 1

But­ton­hole or blan­ket stitch

Photo 3

Photo 6

Photo 5

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