TO­DAY IN HIS­TORY

Richmond Times-Dispatch Weekend - - ADVICE & PUZZLE -

In March 1979, a trac­tor-trailer jack­knifed af­ter two wheels came off on the James River Bridge in Rich­mond. The driver, 25-year-old Sa­muel Smith, was thrown from the truck and fell 100 feet. A fire­fighter said Smith sur­vived be­cause he landed about 40 feet from the wa­ter on muddy ground, which soft­ened the im­pact.

To­day is Sun­day, Oct. 8, the 281st day of 2017. There are 84 days left in the year.

On Oct. 8, 1871, the Great Chicago Fire erupted; fires also broke out in Peshtigo, Wisc., and in sev­eral com­mu­ni­ties in Michi­gan.

In 1918, U. S. Army Cpl. Alvin C. York led an at­tack that killed 25 Ger­man sol­diers and re­sulted in the cap­ture of 132 oth­ers in the Ar­gonne For­est in France.

In 1934, Bruno Haupt­mann was in­dicted by a grand jury in New Jersey for mur­der in the death of the kid­napped son of Charles and Anne Mor­row Lind­bergh.

In 1945, Pres­i­dent Harry S. Tru­man told a press con­fer­ence in Tip­tonville, Tenn., that the se­cret sci­en­tific knowl­edge be­hind the atomic bomb would be shared only with Bri­tain and Canada.

In 1956, Don Larsen pitched the only per­fect game in a World Series to date as the New York Yan­kees beat the Brook­lyn Dodgers in Game 5, 2- 0.

In 1957, the Brook­lyn Base­ball Club an­nounced it was ac­cept­ing an of­fer to move the Dodgers from New York to Los An­ge­les.

In 1967, for­mer Bri­tish Prime Min­is­ter Clement At­tlee died in Lon­don at age 84.

In 1970, Soviet au­thor Alexan­der Solzhen­it­syn was named win­ner of the No­bel Prize for lit­er­a­ture.

In 1982, all la­bor orga- niza­tions in Poland, in­clud­ing Sol­i­dar­ity, were banned.

In 1998, the House trig­gered an open- ended im­peach­ment in­quiry against Pres­i­dent Bill Clin­ton in a mo­men­tous 258176 vote; 31 Democrats joined ma­jor­ity Repub­li­cans in open­ing the way for na­tion­ally tele­vised im­peach­ment hear­ings.

In 2001, an SAS air­liner tak­ing off from Mi­lan,

Italy, hit a pri­vate jet, ca­reened into an air­port build­ing and ex­ploded; all 110 peo­ple on the MD- 87, four peo­ple in the pri­vate jet and four peo­ple on the ground were killed.

In 2005, a mag­ni­tude 7.6 earth­quake flat­tened vil­lages on the Pak­istanIn­dia bor­der, killing an es­ti­mated 86,000 peo­ple.

Ten years ago: Bri­tish Prime Min­is­ter Gor­don Brown an­nounced his coun­try would cut in half its re­main­ing troop con­tin­gent in Iraq in the spring of 2008. ( Bri­tain ended up post­pon­ing the with­drawal amid a spike in mili­tia vi­o­lence.)

Five years ago: Cana­dian Joshua Boyle and his U. S.- born wife, Cait­lan Cole­man, were last heard from in Afghanistan be­fore be­ing kid­napped by the Tal­iban; they re­main in cap­tiv­ity.

One year ago: Three Palm Springs, Calif., po­lice of­fi­cers were shot, two fa­tally, in what author­i­ties called an am­bush dur­ing a do­mes­tic dis­pute call by a gang mem­ber; a sus­pect has pleaded not guilty to mur­der. Don­ald Trump vowed on Twit­ter to con­tinue his cam­paign even though he said the “me­dia and es­tab­lish­ment” wanted him out of the race “so badly”; many Repub­li­cans were call­ing on Trump to aban­don his pres­i­den­tial bid in the wake of the re­lease of a 2005 video in which he made lewd re­marks about women and ap­peared to con­done sex­ual as­sault.

To­day’s Birth­days: En­ter­tain­ment re­porter Rona Bar­rett is 81. Ac­tor Paul Ho­gan is 78. Civil rights ac­tivist Rev. Jesse Jack­son is 76. Co­me­dian Chevy Chase is 74. Au­thor R. L. Stine is 74. TV per­son­al­ity Sarah Pur­cell is 69. Ac­tress Sigour­ney Weaver is 68. Rhythm- and- blues singer Robert “Kool” Bell ( Kool & the Gang) is 67. Co­me­dian Dar­rell Ham­mond is

62. Ac­tress Kim Wayans is

56. Rock mu­si­cian C. J. Ra­mone ( The Ra­mones) is

52. Ac­tress Emily Proc­ter is 49. Ac­tor Dy­lan Neal is 48. Ac­tor- screen­writer Matt Da­mon is 47. Ac­tor­co­me­dian Robert Kelly is

47. The mayor of Lon­don, Sadiq Khan, is 47. Rock­soul singer- mu­si­cian Noelle Scaggs ( Fitz and the Tantrums) is 38. Ac­tor

Nick Can­non is 37. Singer­song­writer- pro­ducer Bruno Mars is 32. Ac­tress Molly Quinn is 24.

Thought for To­day:

“His­tory is the pro­pa­ganda of the vic­tors.” — Ernst Toller, Ger­man poet and drama­tist ( 1893- 1939).

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