TO­DAY IN HIS­TORY

Ripon Bulletin - - Comics -

To­day's High­light in His­tory: On Jan. 31, 1958, the United States en­tered the Space Age with its first suc­cess­ful launch of a satel­lite, Ex­plorer 1, from Cape Canaveral.

Other High­lights To­day: In 1606, English­man Guy Fawkes, con­victed of high trea­son for his part in the “Gun­pow­der Plot,” was set to be hanged, drawn and quar­tered, but broke his neck af­ter fall­ing or jump­ing from the scaf­fold.

In 1797, com­poser Franz Schu­bert was born in Vi­enna.

In 1865, the U.S. House of Rep­re­sen­ta­tives joined the Se­nate in pass­ing the 13th Amend­ment to the United States Con­sti­tu­tion abol­ish­ing slav­ery, send­ing it to states for rat­i­fi­ca­tion. (The amend­ment was adopted in De­cem­ber 1865.) Gen. Robert E. Lee was named gen­eral-in-chief of the Con­fed­er­ate States Army by Pres­i­dent Jef­fer­son Davis.

In 1917, dur­ing World War I, Ger­many served no­tice that it was be­gin­ning a pol­icy of un­re­stricted sub­ma­rine war­fare.

In 1929, rev­o­lu­tion­ary Leon Trot­sky and his fam­ily were ex­pelled from the Soviet Union.

In 1934, Pres­i­dent Franklin D. Roo­sevelt signed the Gold Re­serve Act.

In 1945, Pvt. Ed­die Slovik, 24, be­came the first U.S. sol­dier since the Civil War to be ex­e­cuted for de­ser­tion as he was shot by an Amer­i­can fir­ing squad in France. In 1961, NASA launched Ham the Chimp aboard a Mer­cury-Red­stone rocket from Cape Canaveral; Ham was re­cov­ered safely from the At­lantic Ocean fol­low­ing his 16 1/2-minute sub­or­bital flight.

In 1971, as­tro­nauts Alan Shep­ard, Edgar Mitchell and Stu­art Roosa blasted off aboard Apollo 14 on a mis­sion to the moon.

In 1980, Queen Ju­liana of the Nether­lands an­nounced she would ab­di­cate on her birth­day the fol­low­ing April, to be suc­ceeded by her daugh­ter, Princess Beatrix.

In 1990, McDon­ald’s Corp. opened its first fast-food restau­rant in Moscow.

In 2000, an Alaska Air­lines MD-83 jet crashed into the Pa­cific Ocean off Port Huen­eme (wy-NEE’-mee), Cal­i­for­nia, killing all 88 peo­ple aboard.

To­day's Birthdays: Ac­tress Carol Chan­ning is 97. Com­poser Philip Glass is 81. For­mer In­te­rior Sec­re­tary James Watt is 80. Princess Beatrix of the Nether­lands, the for­mer queen regent, is 80. Ac­tor Stu­art Mar­golin is 78. Ac­tress Jes­sica Wal­ter is 77. For­mer U.S. Rep. Dick Gephardt, D-Mo., is 77. Blues singer-mu­si­cian Char­lie Mus­sel­white is 74. Ac­tor Glynn Tur­man is 72. Base­ball Hall of Famer Nolan Ryan is 71. Ac­tor Jonathan Banks is 71. Singer-mu­si­cian Harry Wayne Casey (KC and the Sun­shine Band) is 67. Rock singer Johnny Rot­ten is 62. Ac­tress Kelly Lynch is 59. Ac­tor An­thony LaPaglia is 59. Singer­mu­si­cian Lloyd Cole is 57.

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