On this date
A.D. 54 — Roman Emperor Claudius I died, poisoned apparently at the behest of his wife, Agrippina. 1307 — King Philip IV of France ordered the arrests of Knights Templar on charges of heresy. 1775 — The United States Navy had its origins as the Continental Congress ordered the construction of a naval fleet. 1843 — The Jewish organization B’nai B’rith was founded in New York City. 1932 — President Herbert Hoover and Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes laid the cornerstone for the U.S. Supreme Court building in Washington. 1972 — A Uruguayan chartered flight carrying 45 people crashed in the Andes; survivors resorted to feeding off the remains of some of the dead in order to stay alive until they were rescued more than two months later. 2010 — Rescuers in Chile using a missile-like escape capsule pulled 33 men one by one to fresh air and freedom 69 days after they were trapped in a collapsed mine a half-mile underground.