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To­day’s high­light:

On Nov. 7, 1944, Pres­i­dent Franklin D. Roo­sevelt won an un­prece­dented fourth term in of­fice, de­feat­ing Repub­li­can Thomas E. Dewey.

On this date:

1874: The Repub­li­can Party was sym­bol­ized as an ele­phant in a car­toon drawn by Thomas Nast in Harper’s Weekly.

1916: Repub­li­can Jean­nette Rankin of Mon­tana be­came the first woman elected to Congress, win­ning a seat in the U.S. House of Rep­re­sen­ta­tives.

1940: Wash­ing­ton state’s orig­i­nal Ta­coma Nar­rows Bridge, nick­named “Gal­lop­ing Ger­tie,” col­lapsed into Puget Sound dur­ing a wind­storm just four months af­ter open­ing to traf­fic.

1962: Richard M. Nixon, hav­ing lost Cal­i­for­nia’s gu­ber­na­to­rial race, held what he called his “last press con­fer­ence,” telling re­porters, “You won’t have Nixon to kick around any­more.”

1967: Carl Stokes was elected the first black mayor of a ma­jor city — Cleve­land, Ohio.

1972: Pres­i­dent Richard Nixon was re-elected in a land­slide over Demo­crat Ge­orge McGovern.

1973: Congress over­rode Pres­i­dent Richard Nixon’s veto of the War Pow­ers Act, which lim­its a chief ex­ec­u­tive’s power to wage war with­out con­gres­sional ap­proval.

1980: Ac­tor Steve McQueen died in Ci­u­dad Juarez, Chi­huahua, Mex­ico, at age 50.

1991: Bas­ket­ball star Magic John­son an­nounced that he had tested pos­i­tive for HIV, and was re­tir­ing. De­spite his HIV sta­tus, John­son has been able to sus­tain him­self with med­i­ca­tion.

2001: The Bush ad­min­is­tra­tion tar­geted Osama bin Laden’s multi-mil­lion-dol­lar fi­nan­cial net­works, clos­ing busi­nesses in four states, de­tain­ing U.S. sus­pects and urg­ing al­lies to help choke off money sup­plies in 40 na­tions.

Ten years ago: In his first news con­fer­ence since be­ing elected pres­i­dent, Barack Obama called on Congress to ex­tend un­em­ploy­ment ben­e­fits and pass a stim­u­lus bill. The gov­ern­ment re­ported the un­em­ploy­ment rate had soared to 6.5 per­cent in Oc­to­ber 2008, up from 6.1 per­cent just a month ear­lier. Gen­eral Mo­tors Corp. re­ported a $2.5 bil­lion loss in the third quar­ter while Ford Mo­tor Co. said it had lost $129 mil­lion. A school in Haiti col­lapsed, killing some 90 peo­ple.

Five years ago: Seek­ing to calm a grow­ing furor, Pres­i­dent Barack Obama told NBC News he was “sorry” Amer­i­cans were los­ing health in­sur­ance plans that he re­peat­edly had said they could keep un­der his health care law, but he stopped short of apol­o­giz­ing for mak­ing those prom­ises in the first place. The Food and Drug Ad­min­is­tra­tion an­nounced it was re­quir­ing the food in­dus­try to phase out artery-clog­ging trans fats. Shares of Twit­ter went on sale to the pub­lic for the first time; by the clos­ing bell, the so­cial net­work was val­ued at $31 bil­lion. A Rus­sian space­craft car­ry­ing the Olympic torch and three as­tro­nauts docked with the In­ter­na­tional Space Sta­tion ahead of the 2014 Win­ter Olympics in Sochi.

One year ago: Democrats Ralph Northam in Vir­ginia and Phil Mur­phy in New Jer­sey were the win­ners in their states’ gu­ber­na­to­rial elec­tions. Vot­ers in Maine ap­proved a mea­sure al­low­ing them to join 31 other states in ex­pand­ing Med­i­caid un­der the Af­ford­able Care Act. Pres­i­dent Don­ald Trump ar­rived in South Korea, say­ing ef­forts to curb the North’s nu­clear weapons pro­gram would be “front and cen­ter” of his two-day visit. For­mer star base­ball pitcher Roy Hal­la­day died when the small pri­vate plane he was fly­ing crashed into the Gulf of Mex­ico; the 40-year-old was an eight-time All-Star for the Blue Jays and Phillies. Twit­ter said it was end­ing its 140-char­ac­ter limit on tweets, and al­low­ing nearly ev­ery­one 280 char­ac­ters to get their mes­sage across.

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