Most injuries we encounter while diving are minor and can be addressed with basic first aid. Control Bleeding If the wound appears to be within your scope of experience and training, control bleeding by applying pressure directly to the injured area. Absorbent materials such as gauze or rags can be helpful. Elevate the wound to help slow bleeding; if bleeding isn’t slowing after a few minutes, the wound requires immediate professional attention.
Prevent Infection Clean the wound thoroughly — irrigate with clean water, remove any visible debris, and use an alcohol wipe or clean cloth with soap and water to scrub around the wound site.
Dress and Bandage After a wound has been addressed and cleaned, it must be protected. Use an adhesive bandage or gauze and tape (or in a pinch, scraps of clean T-shirt material) to cover the wound and protect it from infection. The ocean is chock-full of bacteria, and even minor cuts and scrapes sustained while diving are likely to get infected. Watch for post-injury symptoms such as fever, red streaking, fatigue, or aches and pains — these are signs of possible infection.