1830 Cen­sus enu­mer­ates US res­i­dents for first time

Serve Daily - - BUILDING COMMUNITY - Ginny Ack­er­son

The 1830 Cen­sus was the first enu­mer­a­tion in which a uni­form sched­ule was used to enu­mer­ate the in­hab­i­tants of the United States. Listed by head of house­hold’s name, the enu­mer­a­tion con­sisted of in­quiries di­vid­ing the free white pop­u­la­tion of each sex ac­cord­ing to the num­ber un­der 5 years of age, 5 to 10, 10 to 15, 15 to 20, 20 to 30, 30 to 40, 40 to 50, 50 to 60, 60 to 70, 70 to 80, 80 to 90, 90 to 100, and 100 years and up­ward; a clas­si­fi­ca­tion of slaves and free col­ored per­sons, re­spec­tively, ac­cord­ing to the num­ber of each sex un­der 10 years of age, 10 to 24, 24 to 36, 36 to 55, 55 to 100, and 100 years and up­ward; the num­ber of white per­sons and of slaves and col­ored per­sons, aged un­der 14 years, 14 and un­der 25, and 25 years and up­ward, who were blind, deaf and dumb, but with­out dis­tinc­tion of sex in ei­ther case; and a state­ment of white per­sons only who were aliens, i.e., for­eign­ers not nat­u­ral­ized.

The 1840 Cen­sus was enu­mer­ated the same as the 1830 Cen­sus.

The year 1850 marks the first time that ev­ery mem­ber of the house­hold was named. The res­i­dent in­mates of a ho­tel, jail, gar­ri­son, hos­pi­tal, asy­lum or other sim­i­lar institution were reck­oned as one fam­ily. The Cen­sus Board pre­pared and printed six sched­ules for the 1850 Cen­sus as fol­lows: Sched­ule 1 - Free In­hab­i­tants; Sched­ule 2 - Slave In­hab­i­tants; Sched­ule 3- Mor­tal­ity. This sched­ule in­cluded name, age, sex, color and place of birth on per­sons hav­ing died dur­ing the year end­ing June 1, 1850. Ad­di­tional data were col­lected on con­sti­tu­tional and mar­i­tal sta­tus; pro­fes­sion, oc­cu­pa­tion, or trade; month of death; dis­ease or cause of death; num­ber of days ill; and any suit­able re­marks. Sched­ule 4 - Pro­duc­tion of Agri­cul­ture. This sched­ule col­lected data on agri­cul­tural pro­duc­tion for the year end­ing June 1, 1850; Sched­ule 5 - Prod­ucts of In­dus­try. This sched­ule col­lected data on the prod­ucts of in­dus­try for the year end­ing June 1, 1850, and ap­plied to all forms of pro­duc­tive in­dus­try, in­clud­ing man­u­fac­tures (ex­cept house­hold man­u­fac­tures), min­ing, fish­eries and all kinds of mer­can­tile, com­mer­cial, and trad­ing busi­nesses; Sched­ule 6 - So­cial Sta­tis­tics. This sched­ule col­lected ag­gre­gate sta­tis­tics for each sub­di­vi­sion enu­mer­ated on the fol­low­ing top­ics: val­u­a­tion of real es­tate; an­nual taxes; col­leges, acad­e­mies, and schools; sea­sons and crops; li­braries; news­pa­pers and pe­ri­od­i­cals; re­li­gion; pau­perism; crime; and wages.

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