Genealogy: Utilizing the 1890, 1900 and 1910 censuses
In 1921, a fire in Washington, D.C., resulted in the destruction of most of the 1890 census. Some small fragments survived the fire, however, and are very valuable. General population schedules (two rolls of film) enumerating over 6,000 people in Alabama, Washington, D.C., Georgia, Illinois, Minnesota, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, South Dakota and Texas survived. Recently Floyd County, Va., found a copy of a couple of enumerations districts in their archives. Next, there are 118 rolls of film of the schedules of Union Civil War Veterans or their widows. Although this census was intended to enumerate Union veterans and their widows, census takers often included Confederates and veterans of earlier wars. The first Oklahoma territorial schedules also survived (one roll) along with a list of selected Delaware African-Americans, about 454 people on one roll.
The 1900 census schedules give for each person the name; address; relationship to the head of the household; color or race; sex; month and year of birth; age at last birthday; marital status; if a wife is listed within the household, then the number of years married, number of children born of that marriage, and number of children living; places of birth of each individual and of the parents of each individual; citizenship; if the individual is foreign born, then the year of immigration and the number of years in the United States; the citizenship status of foreign born individuals over age 21; occupation; whether or not person can read, write, and speak English; whether home is owned or rented; whether or not home is a farm; and whether or not home is mortgaged.
The 1910 census schedules record the following information for each person: name, relationship to head of household, sex, color or race, age at last birthday, marital status, length of present marriage, if a mother, number of children and number of living children, place of birth, place of birth of parents, if foreign born, year of immigration and citizenship status, language spoken, occupation, type of industry employed in, if employer, employee, or self-employed, if unemployed, number of weeks unemployed in 1909, ability to read and write, if attended daytime school since Sept. 1, 1909, if home is rented or owned, if home is owned, free, or mortgaged, if home is a house or a farm, if a survivor of Union or Confederate Army or Navy, if blind in both eyes, if deaf and dumb.