JULY 1942

Smithsonian Magazine - - Prologue -

The Gestapo es­tab­lish a Ju­den­rat, or Jewish Council, to carry out Nazi or­ders in Prze­mysl’s Jewish com­mu­nity. The Ju­den­rat in­cludes doc­tors, lawyers, rab­bis and busi­ness lead­ers.

JULY 14, 1942

The Nazis es­tab­lish a sealed ghetto in Prze­mysl, or­der­ing the city’s 22,000 to 24,000 Jews to move within its bound­aries by the fol­low­ing day. Only mem­bers of the Ju­den­rat and their fam­i­lies are al­lowed to tem­po­rar­ily re­main in homes out­side the ghetto. Any­one as­sist­ing or giv­ing shel­ter to Jews is threat­ened with ex­e­cu­tion.

JULY 20, 1942

Ger­man au­thor­i­ties de­mand 1.3 mil­lion zloty (roughly $250,000 in 1942 cur­rency) from the res­i­dents of the Prze­mysl ghetto to guar­an­tee “peace and quiet.”

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