Smithsonian Magazine - - Prologue -

The Sovi­ets be­gin de­port­ing 7,000 Jews from Prze­mysl to la­bor camps in Rus­sia and


JUNE 14, 1940

Trains carry 728 Pol­ish pris­on­ers to Auschwitz— the first in­mates trans­ported to the Nazi ex­ter­mi­na­tion camp in


JULY 1940

Stalin con­tin­ues to de­port Pol­ish Jews to Siberia and to Biro­bidzhan, a Soviet town near

the Chi­nese bor­der that was the ad­min­is­tra­tive cen­ter of a Jewish au­ton­o­mous state formed in 1934. Res­i­dents were

sub­jected to hard la­bor and harsh con­di­tions through­out

the war.

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