Amer­i­can im­mi­gra­tion pol­icy is in­formed by race

South Florida Times - - OPINION -

came here as in­vol­un­tary im­mi­grants but they had the strength to hold on.”

Car­son ut­tered that non­sense in re­sponse to an ear­lier state­ment in which he pos­tu­lated that, while in the bot­tom of the slave ships, the Africans were spec­u­lat­ing about the good life their de­scen­dants would have in the fu­ture.

I will not de­fend Ben, nor launch any dia tribe against him, but his state­ments of­fer us a great teach­ing mo­ment.

Make no mis­take. The words “slav­ery,” “im­mi­gra­tion,” “vol­un­tary” and “in­vol­un­tary” should never be used in the same sen­tence.

Slav­ery in the USA was, and con­tin­ues in its legacy, to be the back­bone of an eco­nomic sys­tem built on the backs, and with the blood, sweat, and tears of peo­ple force­fully brought from Africa, who were con­stantly moved around the Caribbean, South and Cen­tral Amer­ica, and within this coun­try’s bor­ders.

A lit­tle his­tor­i­cal fact might help you bet­ter un­der­stand how in­sid­i­ous the eco­nomic prac­tice was to pro­duce slave ma­te­rial for the USA: Rather than con­tinue to ‘im­port’ new slaves, af­ter the USA 1808 ban on the slave trade, planters cal­cu­lated that it was cheaper for them to breed their own stock. Males (studs) were trans­ported around to ser­vice fe­males (breed­ers). It was a planned pro­gram to keep costs of im­por­ta­tion down and im­prove the stock; the is­sues of this breed­ing pro­gram were sub­ject to prof­itable sales, hence, the be­gin­ning of an in­ter­nal mi­gra­tion/de­por­ta­tion pro­gram for Africans.

Yes, we were part of an in­sid­i­ous ‘im­mi­gra­tion pol­icy’ in the USA that for cen­turies counted our pres­ence as com­mod­ity (chat­tel), and sub­ject to var­i­ous forms of de­por­ta­tion; i.e. be­tween slave sales mar­kets .i.e. plan­ta­tion to plan­ta­tion.

Post eman­ci­pa­tion, the de­por­ta­tion of blacks, es­pe­cially black men, into the pe­nal sys­tem of the USA, con­tin­ues to gen­er­ate in­come to pri­vately-owned pris­ons, some of which are traded on the stock mar­ket (see GEO, for­merly Wack­en­hut, Corrections Cor­po­ra­tion of Amer­ica, and Man­age­ment and Train­ing Corp.), and which re­ceive large gov­ern­ment con­tracts as well as in­vest­ments from banks, ma­jor cor­po­ra­tions and pri­vate in­vestors.

By the way, Texas has the largest num­ber of th­ese fa­cil­i­ties, fol­lowed by Cal­i­for­nia, and Florida is not far be­hind, along with Mis­sis­sippi. Talk of in­creas­ing sup­port for th­ese de­por­ta­tion cen­ters has es­ca­lated un­der Trump. I am not ex­pos­ing any­thing new. I just want to keep you ‘woke.’ Toniwg1@gmail.com

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